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Evidence of a complex phylogeographic structure in the common dormouse, Muscardinus avellanarius (Rodentia, Gliridae)
Alice Mouton, Andrea Grill, Maurizio Sara, Boris Kryštufek, Ettore Randi, Giovanni Amori, Rimvydas Juškaitis, Gaetano Aloise, Alessio Mortelliti, Fabiana Panchetti, Johan Michaux, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This is the first mitochondrial phylogeography of the common dormouse, Muscardinus avellanarius (Linnaeus, 1758), a hibernating rodent strictly protected in Europe (Habitat Directive, annex IV; Bern Convention, annex III).The 84 individuals of M. avellanarius, sampled throughout the distributional range of the species, have been sequenced at the mitochondrial DNA gene (cytochrome b, 704 base pairs). The results revealed two highly divergent lineages, with an ancient separation around 7.7 Mya and a genetic divergence of 7.7%. Lineage 1 occurs in Western Europe (France, Belgium, and Switzerland) and Italy, and lineage 2 occurs in Central-Northern Europe (Poland, Germany, Latvia, and Lithuania), on the Balkan Peninsula, and in Turkey. Furthermore, these two lineages are subdivided into five sublineages genetically isolated with a strong geographical association. Therefore, lineage 1 branches into two further sublineages (Western European and Italian), whereas lineage 2 contained three sublineages (Central-Northern European, Turkish, and Balkan). We observed low genetic diversity within the sublineages, in contrast to the significant level of genetic differentiation between them. The understanding of genetic population structure is essential for identifying units to be conserved. Therefore, these results may have important implications for M. avellanarius conservation
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Rodentia, Gliridae, common dormouse, Muscardinus avellanarius, conservation, cytochrome b, glacial refugia
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1519; Downloads: 87
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