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Whole muscle contractile parameters and thickness loss during 35-day bed rest
Rado Pišot, Marco Narici, Boštjan Šimunič, Maarten D. de Boer, Olivier Seynnes, Mihaela Jurdana, Gianni Biolo, Igor B. Mekjavić, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Extended exposure to microgravity leads to significant musculoskeletal adaptations. Contractile parameters of four skeletal muscles (biceps brachii-BB, vastus medialis-VM, biceps femoris-BF and gastrocnemius medialis-GM) were measured in ten healthy males (aged 22.3 +/- 2.2 years) during 35 days of horizontal bed rest by a mechanomyography-based method termed 'tensiomyography' (TMG). Two contractile parameters: contraction time (Tc) and maximal displacement (Dm) were individually measured from electrically evoked maximal single twitch TMG response of all four muscles before and after bed rest. Significant changes in Tc were found after bed rest, as shown by an increase in GM muscle Tc by 18% (p < 0.01). Dm values significantly increased (p < 0.01) after bed rest, by 24, 26 and 30% in the VM, BF and GM muscles, respectively. In the GM, the change in Dm significantly correlated with the decrease in muscle thickness (r = -0.70, p < 0.01). In conclusion, bed rest induced changes in both Dm and Tc of the TMG signal; changes in Dm being inversely related to those of muscle thickness. Amongst the investigated muscles, most affected, in terms of atrophy and mechanical alterations, were those of the lower limbs. The observed increase in Dm may be attributed to a decrease in muscle, as well as tendon stiffness, causing larger muscle fibre and non-contractile tissue oscillations following contraction.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: Bed rest, skeletal muscle, muscle contraction, muscle thickness, mechanomyography, tensiomiography, ultrasound
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 2233; Downloads: 70
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Effect of 5 weeks horizontal bed rest on human muscle thickness and architecture of weight bearing and non-weight bearing muscles
Maarten D. de Boer, Olivier Seynnes, Pietro di Prampero, Rado Pišot, Igor B. Mekjavić, Gianni Biolo, Marco Narici, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in thickness, fascicle length (L f) and pennation angle of the antigravity gastrocnemiusmedialis (GM) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles, and the non-antigravity tibialis anterior (TA) and biceps brachii (BB) muscles measured by ultrasonography in ten healthy males (aged 22.3 +/- 2.2 years) in response to 5 weeks of horizontal bed rest (BR). After BR, muscle thickness decreased by 12.2 +/- 8.8% (P < 0.05) and 8.0 +/- 9.1% (P < 0.005) in the GM and VL, respectively. No changes were observed in the TA and BB muscles. L f and pennation angle decreased by 4.8 +/- 5.0% (P < 0.05) and 14.3 +/- 6.8% (P < 0.005) in the GM and by 5.9 +/- 5.3% (P < 0.05) and 13.5 +/- 16.2% (P < 0.005) in the VL, again without any changes in the TA and BB muscles. The finding that amongst the antigravity muscles of the lower limbs, the GM deteriorated to a greater extent than the VL is possibly related to the differences in relative load that this muscle normally experiences during daily loading. The dissimilar response in antigravity and non-antigravity muscles to unloading likely reflects differences in loading under normal conditions. The significant structural alterations of the GM and VL muscles highlight the rapid remodelling of muscle architecture occurring with disuse.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: muscle, disuse, microgravity, atrophy
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 2093; Downloads: 73
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