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1.
Titovi pogovori v moskvi aprila 1968 in češkoslovaška kriza
Jan Pelikán, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: In April 1968, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia took certain steps indicating the rapprochement of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. Belgrade welcomed Prague's interest in establishing closer contact. However, politicians in Belgrade refused to accept proposals which the Kremlin could perceive as an interference into its sphere of influence. The leadership of the SFRY, for example, did not respond to the offer for a conclusion to the Czechoslovak-Yugoslavian treaty of alliance. At the end of April 1968 J. Broz Tito paid an uplanned visit to Moscow. His talks with Kremlin politicians proceeded for a long time in a friendly atmosphere. Disagreement arose only during the course of a discussion about development in Czechoslovakia. The Soviet leaders unambiguously declared that the then leadership of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia was unable to maintain control of the situation and the power in country was to be taken over by counter-revolutionary forces. Brezhnev even warned against the danger of executing communists in Czechoslovakia and insisted on halting the unfavourable development. Josip Broz Tito overskipped Brezhnev's not very hidden references to the necessity of the power intervention in Czechoslovakia. Nevertheless, he irritably replied to the comment that development in Czechoslovakia could negatively influence not only the inner situation in the neighbouring socialist countries but also in Yugoslavia. Remarkably, during talks in Moscow, Tito never - even indirectly - made a mention of the positive trends of the development in Czechoslovakia. Yet he always suggested that the new Prague leadership was able to manage with those negative tendencies. Josip Broz Tito conspicuously endeavoured to maintain the existing standard of relations with the USSR and to not unnecessarily irritate the Kremlin. He was particularly afraid of the deterioration of the bilateral economic relations which could have had a negative impact on the Yugoslavian economy. Judging by the following steps we can anticipate, that positive moments predominated in Tito feelings regarding negotiations with the Kremlin leaders. He came back home convinced that although the Kremlin still viewed the SFRY as the potential troublesome element on the borderline of their sphere of interest, they were, on the other hand, essentially in need of Yugoslavian help in the solution of problems not only within the frame of the Communist movement but also within the Eastern block
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...In April 1968, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia took certain steps indicating the rapprochement of...
Keywords: Prague Spring, international politics, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Tito, Soviet Union
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 812; Downloads: 4
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

2.
Anton Rupnik
Ondřej Vojtěchovský, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: After the split between Stalin and Tito from June 1948 the only centre of the Yugoslav pro-Soviet movement was established abroad. "Cominformist" groups gained support and hospitality in the USSR and the countries of people's democracy. Among the functionaries of the emigrant's organizations strong personalities can be hardly found. The bunch of lower rank diplomats, state officials, army officers, students and apprentices were not able to generate a leader. The fraction struggles in the isolated communities broke out very soon and disabled most of their activities. The host party officials were looking for the suitable candidates for leading positions. In Czechoslovakia such a person was recognized in the person of Anton Rupnik, a French communist of Slovene origin, who fled to Prague in summer 1949. This paper treats the beginning of Rupnik's political career. It starts in the 1930s in Northern France in the multinational immigrant environment of miners. As a young boy he became a member of the French Communist Party. His first steps were connected to the activity of the labour movement on local level. After the Nazi aggression against the Soviet Union in June 1941 the French communists transferred from passive resistance to open action against the German occupation forces. Rupnik became an organizer of the underground web and sabotages. He was arrested and sent to the concentration camp in Mauthausen where he met influential personalities of PCF and other European CPs. Under these circumstances of imprisonment he gained political skills and a reputation of an honest man. His war experience and merits earned him the position of the communist party's official in 1945. He got engaged in the repatriation plan of the French Yugoslavs back to their homeland. Later he entered the diplomatic service of Yugoslavia and expected to return to this country, too. However, after the Cominform resolution from June 1948 he thought his plans over. Being influenced by PCF, he expressed his approval with the standpoint of Moscow. He resigned on his diplomatic duty and retreated to illegality. With the help of French party he found political asylum in Czechoslovakia. After a few months he took over the leadership of the Yugoslav emigration group in Prague. This position ensured him the entrance to the central committee of anti-Titoist Yugoslavs in Moscow. He also represented Yugoslavia at the world pro-soviet events and in the world federation of trade unions. He stayed in the office until 1953. In the mid 60s he returned back to France with his family without endorsing his Yugoslav or Slovene identity any further
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...the suitable candidates for leading positions. In Czechoslovakia such a person was recognized in the...
Keywords: Communist movement, Cominform, Yugoslav political emigration, French Communist Party, Czechoslovakia
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 852; Downloads: 4
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

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