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On cryptographically significant mappings over GF(2 [sup] n)Enes Pašalić, 2008, published scientific conference contribution

**Abstract:** In this paper we investigate the algebraic properties of important cryptographic primitives called substitution boxes (S-boxes). An S-box is a mapping that takes ▫$n$▫ binary inputs whose image is a binary ▫$m$▫-tuple; therefore it is represented as ▫$F:\text{GF}(2)^n \rightarrow \text{GF}(2)^m$▫. One of the most important cryptographic applications is the case ▫$n = m$▫, thus the S-box may be viewed as a function over ▫$\text{GF}(2^n)$▫. We show that certain classes of functions over ▫$\text{GF}(2^n)$▫ do not possess a cryptographic property known as APN (AlmostPerfect Nonlinear) permutations. On the other hand, when ▫$n$▫ is odd, an infinite class of APN permutations may be derived in a recursive manner, that is starting with a specific APN permutation on ▫$\text{GF}(2^k), k$▫ odd, APN permutations are derived over ▫$\text{GF}(2^{k+2i})$▫ for any ▫$i \geq 1$▫. Some theoretical results related to permutation polynomials and algebraic properties of the functions in the ring ▫$\text{GF}(q)[x,y]$▫ are also presented. For sparse polynomials over the field ▫$\text{GF}(2^n)$▫, an efficient algorithm for finding low degree I/O equations is proposed.

**Found in:** ključnih besedah

**Summary of found:** ...In this paper we investigate the algebraic properties of important cryptographic primitives called substitution...

**Keywords:** cryptoanalysis, cryptography, permutation polynomials, power mappings, APN functions, S-box, CCZ-equivalence, algebraic properties

**Published:** 15.10.2013; **Views:** 1366; **Downloads:** 26

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