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Permanent versus determinant over a finite fieldGregor Dolinar,

Aleksandr Èmilevič Guterman,

Marko Orel,

Bojan Kuzma, 2013, published scientific conference contribution

**Abstract:** Let ▫$\mathbb{F}$▫ be a finite field of characteristic different from 2. We study the cardinality of sets of matrices with a given determinant or a given permanent for the set of Hermitian matrices ▫$\mathcal{H}_n(\mathbb{F})$▫ and for the whole matrix space ▫$M_n(\mathbb{F})$▫. It is known that for ▫$n = 2$▫, there are bijective linear maps ▫$\Phi$▫ on ▫$\mathcal{H}_n(\mathbb{F})$▫ and ▫$M_n(\mathbb{F})$▫ satisfying the condition per ▫$A = \det \Phi(A)$▫. As an application of the obtained results, we show that if ▫$n \ge 3$▫, then the situation is completely different and already for ▫$n = 3$▫, there is no pair ofmaps ▫$(\Phi, \phi)$▫, where ▫$\Phi$▫ is an arbitrary bijective map on matrices and ▫$\phi \colon \mathbb{F} \to \mathbb{F}$▫ is an arbitrary map such that per ▫$A = \phi(\det \Phi(A))$▫ for all matrices ▫$A$▫ from the spaces ▫$\mathcal{H}_n(\mathbb{F})$▫ and ▫$M_n(\mathbb{F})$▫, respectively. Moreover, for the space ▫$M_n(\mathbb{F})$▫, we show that such a pair of transformations does not exist also for an arbitrary ▫$n > 3$▫ if the field ▫$\mathbb{F}$▫ contains sufficiently many elements (depending on ▫$n$▫). Our results are illustrated by a number of examples.

**Found in:** ključnih besedah

**Summary of found:** Zadetek v naslovu

**Keywords:** mathematics, linear algebra, matrix theory, permanent, determinant

**Published:** 03.04.2017; **Views:** 668; **Downloads:** 50

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