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1.
On bipartite Q-polynomial distance-regular graphs with c [sub] 2 [equal] 1
Štefko Miklavič, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with diameter ▫$d \ge 3$▫, valency ▫$k \ge 3$▫ and intersection number ▫$c_2=1$▫. We show that ▫$\Gamma$▫ has a certain equitable partition of its vertex set which involves ▫$4d-4$▫ cells. We use this partition to show that the intersection numbers of ▫$\Gamma$▫ satisfy the following divisibility conditions: (I) ▫$c_{i+1}-1$▫ divides ▫$c_i(c_i-1)$▫ for ▫$2 \le i \le d-1$▫, and (II) ▫$b_{i-1}-1$▫ divides ▫$b_i(b_i-1)$▫ for ▫$1 \le i \le d-1$▫. Using these divisibility conditions we show that ▫$\Gamma$▫ does not exist if ▫$d=4$▫.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: mathematics, grah theory, distance-regular graphs, ▫$Q$▫-polynomial property, equitable partitions
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1694; Downloads: 14
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

2.
Distance-balanced graphs: Symmetry conditions
Klavdija Kutnar, Aleksander Malnič, Dragan Marušič, Štefko Miklavič, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be distance-balanced if for any edge ▫$uv$▫ of ▫$X$▫, the number of vertices closer to ▫$u$▫ than to ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices closer to ▫$v$▫ than to ▫$u$▫. A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be strongly distance-balanced if for any edge ▫$uv$▫ of ▫$X$▫ and any integer ▫$k$▫, the number of vertices at distance ▫$k$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$k+1$▫ from ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices at distance ▫$k+1$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$k$▫ from ▫$v$▫. Exploring the connection between symmetry properties of graphs and the metric property of being (strongly) distance-balanced is the main theme of this article. That a vertex-transitive graph is necessarily strongly distance-balanced and thus also distance-balanced is an easy observation. With only a slight relaxation of the transitivity condition, the situation changes drastically: there are infinite families of semisymmetric graphs (that is, graphs which are edge-transitive, but not vertex-transitive) which are distance-balanced, but there are also infinite families of semisymmetric graphs which are not distance-balanced. Results on the distance-balanced property in product graphs prove helpful in obtaining these constructions. Finally, a complete classification of strongly distance-balanced graphs is given for the following infinite families of generalized Petersen graphs: GP▫$(n,2)$▫, GP▫$(5k+1,k)$▫, GP▫$(3k 3,k)$▫, and GP▫$(2k+2,k)$▫.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: graph theory, graph, distance-balanced graphs, vertex-transitive, semysimmetric, generalized Petersen graph
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1842; Downloads: 46
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

3.
The A-like matrices for a Hypercubes
Štefko Miklavič, Paul Terwilliger, 2011, original scientific article

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...A-like matrices, distance-regular graphs, Hypercubes, ...
Keywords: A-like matrices, distance-regular graphs, Hypercubes
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1602; Downloads: 25
URL Full text (0,00 KB)
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4.
On the connectivity of bipartite distance-balanced graphs
Štefko Miklavič, Primož Šparl, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: A connected graph ▫$\varGamma$▫ is said to be distance-balanced whenever for any pair of adjacent vertices ▫$u,v$▫ of ▫$\varGamma$▫ the number of vertices closer to ▫$u$▫ than to ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices closer to ▫$v$▫ than to ▫$u$▫. In [K. Handa, Bipartite graphs with balanced ▫$(a,b)$▫-partitions, Ars Combin. 51 (1999), 113-119] Handa asked whether every bipartite distance-balanced graph, that is not a cycle, is 3-connected. In this paper the Handa question is answered in the negative. Moreover, we show that a minimal bipartite distance-balanced graph, that is not a cycle and is not 3-connected, has 18 vertices and is unique. In addition, we give a complete classification of non-3-connected bipartite distance-balanced graphs for which the minimal distance between two vertices in a 2-cut is three. All such graphs are regular and for each ▫$k \geq 3$▫ there exists an infinite family of such graphs which are ▫$k$▫-regular.Furthermore, we determine a number of structural properties that a bipartite distance-balanced graph, which is not 3-connected, must have. As an application, we give a positive answer to the Handa question for the subfamily of bipartite strongly distance-balanced graphs.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: graph theory, connected graphs, connectivity, distance-balanced graphs, bipartite graphs
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1308; Downloads: 47
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

5.
Large sets of long distance equienergetic graphs
Dragan Stevanović, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Distance energy of a graph is a recent energy-type invariant, defined as the absolute deviation of the eigenvalues of the distance matrix of the graph. Two graphs of the same order are said to be distance equienergetic if they have equal distance energy, while they have distinct spectra of their distance matrices. Examples of pairs of distance equienergetic graphs appear in the literature already, but most of them have diameter two only. We describe here the distance spectrum of a special composition of regular graphs, and, as an application, we show that for any ▫$n \ge 3$▫, there exists a set of ▫$n + 1$▫ distance equienergetic graphs which have order ▫$6n$▫ and diameter ▫$n - 1$▫ each.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: graph theory, distance spectrum, distance energy, join, regular graphs
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1442; Downloads: 59
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

6.
On bipartite Q-polynominal distance-regular graphs
Štefko Miklavič, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with vertex set ▫$X$▫, diameter ▫$d \ge 3$▫ and valency ▫$k \ge 3$▫. Let ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ denote the vector space over ▫$\mathbb{R}$▫ consisting of column vectors with entries in ▫$\mathbb{r}$▫ and rows indexed by ▫$X$▫. For ▫$z \in X$▫, let ▫$\hat{z}$▫ denote the vector in ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ with a 1 in the ▫$z$▫-coordinate, and 0 in all other coordinates. Fix ▫$x,y \in X$▫ such that ▫$\partial(x,y)=2▫, where ▫$\partial$▫ denotes the path-length distance. For ▫$0 \le i,j \le d$▫ define ▫$w_{ij} = \sum\hat{z}$▫, where the sum is over all ▫$z \in X$▫ such that ▫$\partial(x,z) = i$▫ and ▫$\partial(y,z) = j▫$. We define ▫$W = \textrm{span} \{w_{ij}|0 \le i,j \le d\}$▫. In this paper we consider the space ▫$MW = \textrm{span} \{mw |m \in M, w \in W \l\}$▫, where ▫$M$▫ is the Bose-Mesner algebra of ▫$\Gamma$▫. We observe that ▫$MW$▫ is the minimal ▫$A$▫-invariant subspace of ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ which contains ▫$W$▫, where ▫$A$▫ is the adjacency matrix of ▫$\Gamma$▫. We display a basis for ▫$MW$▫ that is orthogonal with respect to the dot product. We give the action of ▫$A$▫ on this basis. We show that the dimension of ▫$MW$▫ is ▫$3d-3$▫ if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is 2-homogeneous, ▫$3d-1$▫ if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is the antipodal quotient of the ▫$2d$▫-cube, and ▫$4d-4$▫ otherwise. We obtain our main result using Terwilliger's "balanced set" characterization of the ▫$Q$▫-polynomial property.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: mathematics, graph theory, distance-regular graphs, ▫$Q$▫-polynominal property, Bose-Mesner algebra, balanced set characterization of the Q-polynominal property
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1551; Downloads: 11
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

7.
On maximal distances in a commuting graph
Bojan Kuzma, Polona Oblak, Gregor Dolinar, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: It is shown that matrices over algebraically closed fields that are farthest apart in the commuting graph must be non-derogatory. Rank-one matrices and diagonalizable matrices are also characterized in terms of the commuting graph.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...graph, matrix algebra, algebraically closed field, centralizer, distance in graphs, ...
Keywords: matematika, linearna algebra, teorija grafov, komutirajoči grafi, matrična algebra, algebraično zaprt obseg, centralizator, razdalja v grafih, mathematics, linear algebra, graph theory, commuting graph, matrix algebra, algebraically closed field, centralizer, distance in graphs
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 706; Downloads: 95
URL Full text (0,00 KB)
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8.
On the Terwilliger algebra of bipartite distance-regular graphs with [Delta][sub]2 = 0 and c[sub]2=1
Mark MacLean, Štefko Miklavič, Safet Penjić, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite distance-regular graph with diameter ▫$D \geq 4$▫ and valency ▫$k \geq 3$▫. Let ▫$X$▫ denote the vertex set of ▫$\Gamma$▫, and let ▫$A$▫ denote the adjacency matrix of ▫$\Gamma$▫. For ▫$x \in X$▫ and for ▫$0 \leq i \leq D$▫, let ▫$\operatorname{\Gamma}_i(x)$▫ denote the set of vertices in ▫$X$▫ that are distance ▫$i$▫ from vertex ▫$x$▫. Define a parameter ▫$\operatorname{\Delta}_2$▫ in terms of the intersection numbers by ▫$\operatorname{\Delta}_2 = (k - 2)(c_3 - 1) -(c_2 - 1) p_{22}^2$▫. We first show that ▫$\operatorname{\Delta}_2 = 0$▫ implies that ▫$D \leq 5$▫ or ▫$c_2 \in \{1, 2 \}$▫. For ▫$x \in X$▫ let ▫$T = T(x)$▫ denote the subalgebra of ▫$\text{Mat}_X(\mathbb{C})$▫ generated by ▫$A, E_0^\ast, E_1^\ast, \ldots, E_D^\ast$▫, where for ▫$0 \leq i \leq D$, $E_i^\ast$▫ represents the projection onto the▫ $i$▫th subconstituent of ▫$\Gamma$▫ with respect to ▫$x$▫. We refer to ▫$T$▫ as the Terwilliger algebra of ▫$\Gamma$▫ with respect to ▫$x$▫. By the endpoint of an irreducible ▫$T$▫-module ▫$W$▫ we mean ▫$\min \{i | E_i^\ast W \ne 0 \}$▫. In this paper we assume ▫$\Gamma$▫ has the property that for ▫$2 \leq i \leq D - 1$▫, there exist complex scalars ▫$\alpha_i$▫, ▫$\beta_i$▫ such that for all ▫$x, y, z \in X$▫ with ▫$\partial(x, y) = 2$▫, ▫$\partial(x, z) = i$▫, ▫$\partial(y, z) = i$▫, we have ▫$\alpha_i + \beta_i | \operatorname{\Gamma}_1(x) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_1(y) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_{i - 1}(z) | = | \operatorname{\Gamma}_{i - 1}(x) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_{i - 1}(y) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_1(z) |$▫. We additionally assume that▫ $\operatorname{\Delta}_2 = 0$▫ with ▫$c_2 = 1$▫. Under the above assumptions we study the algebra ▫$T$▫. We show that if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is not almost 2-homogeneous, then up to isomorphism there exists exactly one irreducible ▫$T$▫-module with endpoint 2. We give an orthogonal basis for this ▫$T$▫-module, and we give the action of ▫$A$▫ on this basis.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: distance-regular graphs, terwilliger algebra, subconstituent algebra
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 526; Downloads: 40
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

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