Delovne migracije - nov miselni vzorec ali model ekonomske akomodacije?Ingrid Maraspin
, 2009, original scientific article
Abstract: Recently, the migration phenomenon has acquired such dimensions and exhibited such implications on various social spheres that it has turned into not only a global phenomenon giving shape to a transnational area, but a real state of mind of new generations - it offers an equal option within the array of possibilities for success in (or better quality of) daily life; in short, it has turned into a thinking pattern giving rise to the "culture of migration". Formal and informal sources indicate that both registered and unregistered labour migrations are on the increase in the Slovene-Italian border area. It is largely due to the specific nature of the labour market and the abolishment of physical borders within the Schengen area that there is a constant increase in the number of not only daily and temporary economic migrations from Slovenia to the Italian labour market in the province of Trieste, but also medium-term migrations to more remote Italian regions. In the Slovene-Italian area, daily commuting to the Italian labour market has turned into a local tradition as over the past few decades a number of Slovene women have been commuting to Trieste to do housework. In addition to these "traditional" illegal female labour migrations to Italy in the field of housework, the past few years witnessed the emergence of new forms of migration: labour migrations of educated young people (legal or illegal brain drain to Western European states) and illegal male migrations of uneducated and vocational labour force (largely to Italy and Austria). The present study was part of research conducted within the extensive applied project "Minorities and Border Social Realities as Factors of Integration Process. Case Study of the Slovene-Italian Contact Area" (Sedmak, M. et al., 2008), with its aim being to investigate why individuals decide on such labour migrations, where they get information, how they establish contacts, and what factors and conditions influence their choice of work. Special emphasis was placed on the dynamics of unregistered economic migrations at local level that had transformed from occasional undeclared work undertaken by the senior segment of the female population of Slovene Istria into the general model of accommodation to the labour market.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: ekonomske migracije, delovna sila, ilegalne migracije, trg dela, akomodacija, globalizacija
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1080; Downloads: 15
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