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A note on domination and independence-domination numbers of graphsMartin Milanič, 2013, published scientific conference contribution

**Abstract:** Vizing's conjecture is true for graphs ▫$G$▫ satisfying ▫$\gamma^i(G) = \gamma(G)$▫, where ▫$\gamma(G)$▫ is the domination number of a graph ▫$G$▫ and ▫$\gamma^i(G)$▫ is the independence-domination number of ▫$G$▫, that is, the maximum, over all independent sets ▫$I$▫ in ▫$G$▫, of the minimum number of vertices needed to dominate ▫$I$▫. The equality ▫$\gamma^i(G) = \gamma(G)$▫ is known to hold for all chordal graphs and for chordless cycles of length ▫$0 \pmod{3}$▫. We prove some results related to graphs for which the above equality holds. More specifically, we show that the problems of determining whether ▫$\gamma^i(G) = \gamma(G) = 2$▫ and of verifying whether ▫$\gamma^i(G) \ge 2$▫ are NP-complete, even if ▫$G$▫ is weakly chordal. We also initiate the study of the equality ▫$\gamma^i = \gamma$▫ in the context of hereditary graph classes and exhibit two infinite families of graphs for which ▫$\gamma^i < \gamma$▫.

**Found in:** ključnih besedah

**Summary of found:** ...= \gamma(G)$▫, where ▫$\gamma(G)$▫ is the domination number of a graph ▫$G$▫ and ▫$\gamma^i(G)$▫ is...

**Keywords:** Vizing's conjecture, domination number, independence-domination number, weakly chordal graph, NP-completeness, hereditary graph class, IDD-perfect graph

**Published:** 15.10.2013; **Views:** 1477; **Downloads:** 77

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