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1.
The status of a rare phylogeographic lineage of the vulnerable European souslik Spermophilus citellus, endemic to central Macedonia
Boris Kryštufek, Peter Glasnović, Svetozar Petkovski, 2012, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: The conversion of grasslands for agriculture has triggered a serious decline of the European ground squirrel or souslik Spermophilus citellus, categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1996. The Jakupica phylogeographic lineage of central Macedonia is the smallest of the three major evolutionary lines of the European souslik. This lineage is an important reservoir of within-species diversity and should be regarded as an independent unit for conservation management purposes. It is endemic to Mount Jakupica, where it lives in mountain pastures at 1,500-2,250m altitude. The total area occupied by sousliks (884 ha) is fragmented and 94% of individuals occur in four colonies. Densities (0.8-5.5 adults ha-1) are lower than those reported elsewhere for the species, with the total population probably ,2,000 adults. One large colony, reportedly of c. 1,000 sousliks, was decimated in 2007 by a catastrophic fire and had still not recovered bz 2010. A steady decline in livestock grazing, together with the predicted advance of the tree line as a consequence of climate change, will probably reduce the optimal habitat for the souslik and negatively affect population fitness. Monitoring needs to be implemented, at least for the largest colonies, to provide early warning of any declines
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: Zadetek v naslovu
Ključne besede: Spermophilus citellus, souslik, European souslik, density, endemic, distance sampling, fragmentation, Macedonia
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 2125; Prenosov: 47
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

2.
Capital market, subsidies, agricultural and rural developments in the Republic of Macedonia
Biljana Angelova, Štefan Bojnec, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The undeveloped rural capital market in the Republic of Macedonia is constrained by an urban-rural development gap with limited capacities for rural development and imperfections in the rural capital market. Among the most striking hindrances are the illegal status of a large share of agricultural buildings and other real estate in rural areas, particularly, on the individual family farms that prevail in the country, and the insufficient knowledge and abilities of individual farmers in applying for credit. National, European Union and other donor funds are being used to improve knowledge, skills and other human resources, and to address the illegal status of buildings and facilities. During the most recent years, government support for agricultural, rural and regional development has been introduced to promote good agricultural practices, production and economic activity in rural areas. The elimination of imperfections and improvements to the functioning of the capital market - making access to credit and funds easier, especially, for small-scale family farms and for rural development are seen as measures contributing to agriculture and more balanced rural and regional development.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: Zadetek v naslovu
Ključne besede: capital market, farm income, subsidies, loans, agricultural and rural development, Formet Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1433; Prenosov: 24
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

3.
Agricultural land markets and land leasing in the Republic of Macedonia
Neda Petroska Angelovska, Marija Ackovska, Štefan Bojnec, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper aims to identify the driving force that shaped agricultural land structures, land market and land leasing in the Republic of Macedonia. Institutional developments and land reforms have so far been modest, and have not contributed to significant changes in agricultural ownership, operational structures, or land market and land leasing arrangements. Land ownership and land use are bimodal, consisting of several small-scale family farms and a fewlarge-scale agricultural enterprises. The small family farms own and operate land on several small parcels, which is one of the major obstacles to the modernisation of family farm production. They produce food for household subsistence with mixed crop, fruit, vegetable, grapevine and livestock production. A considerable portion of the land is uncultivated, which affects land market and land leasing values. Due to underdeveloped institutional frameworks and market institutions in support of small-scale farms, a large proportion of state-owned land is rented by agricultural enterprises.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: Zadetek v naslovu
Ključne besede: agricultural land ownership, land operation, land market, prices, rental values, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1364; Prenosov: 25
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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