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1.
The Terwilliger algebra of a distance-regular graph of negative type
Štefko Miklavič, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a distance-regular graph with diameter ▫$D \ge 3$▫. Assume ▫$\Gamma$▫ has classical parameters ▫$(D,b,\alpha,\beta)▫$ with ▫$b < -1$▫. Let ▫$X$▫ denote the vertex set of ▫$\Gamma$▫ and let ▫$A \in {\mathrm{Mat}}_X(\mathbb{C})$▫ denote the adjacency matrix of ▫$\Gamma$▫. Fix ▫$x \in X$▫ and let $A^\ast \in {\mathrm{Mat}}_X(\mathbb{C})$ denote the corresponding dual adjacency matrix. Let ▫$T$▫ denote the subalgebra of ${\mathrm{Mat}}_X(\mathbb{C})$ generated by ▫$A,A^\ast$▫. We call ▫$T$▫ the Terwilliger algebra of ▫$\Gamma$▫ with respect to ▫$x$▫. We show that up to isomorphism there exist exactly two irreducible ▫$T$▫-modules with endpoint 1; their dimensions are ▫$D$▫ and ▫$2D-2$▫. For these ▫$T$▫-modules we display a basis consisting of eigenvectors for ▫$A^\ast$▫, and for each basis we give the action of ▫$A$▫.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: distance-regular graph, negative type, Terwilliger algebra
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1602; Prenosov: 68
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

2.
Distance-balanced graphs: Symmetry conditions
Klavdija Kutnar, Aleksander Malnič, Dragan Marušič, Štefko Miklavič, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be distance-balanced if for any edge ▫$uv$▫ of ▫$X$▫, the number of vertices closer to ▫$u$▫ than to ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices closer to ▫$v$▫ than to ▫$u$▫. A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be strongly distance-balanced if for any edge ▫$uv$▫ of ▫$X$▫ and any integer ▫$k$▫, the number of vertices at distance ▫$k$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$k+1$▫ from ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices at distance ▫$k+1$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$k$▫ from ▫$v$▫. Exploring the connection between symmetry properties of graphs and the metric property of being (strongly) distance-balanced is the main theme of this article. That a vertex-transitive graph is necessarily strongly distance-balanced and thus also distance-balanced is an easy observation. With only a slight relaxation of the transitivity condition, the situation changes drastically: there are infinite families of semisymmetric graphs (that is, graphs which are edge-transitive, but not vertex-transitive) which are distance-balanced, but there are also infinite families of semisymmetric graphs which are not distance-balanced. Results on the distance-balanced property in product graphs prove helpful in obtaining these constructions. Finally, a complete classification of strongly distance-balanced graphs is given for the following infinite families of generalized Petersen graphs: GP▫$(n,2)$▫, GP▫$(5k+1,k)$▫, GP▫$(3k 3,k)$▫, and GP▫$(2k+2,k)$▫.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be distance-balanced if...
Ključne besede: graph theory, graph, distance-balanced graphs, vertex-transitive, semysimmetric, generalized Petersen graph
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1786; Prenosov: 44
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

3.
Q-polynomial distance-regular graphs with a [sub] 1 [equal] 0 and a [sub] 2 [not equal] 0
Štefko Miklavič, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with diameter ▫$D \ge 3$▫ and intersection numbers ▫$a_1=0$▫, ▫$a_2 \ne 0$▫. Let ▫$X$▫ denote the vertex set of ▫$\Gamma$▫ and let ▫$A \in {\mathrm{Mat}}_X ({\mathbb{C}})$▫ denote the adjacency matrix of ▫$\Gamma$▫. Fix ▫$x \in X$▫ and let denote $A^\ast \in {\mathrm{Mat}}_X ({\mathbb{C}})$ the corresponding dual adjacency matrix. Let ▫$T$▫ denote the subalgebra of ▫$A{\mathrm{Mat}}_X ({\mathbb{C}})$▫ generated by ▫$A$▫, ▫$A^\ast$▫. We call ▫$T$▫ the Terwilliger algebra of ▫$\Gamma$▫ with respect to ▫$x$▫. We show that up to isomorphism there exists a unique irreducible ▫$T$▫-module ▫$W$▫ with endpoint 1. We show that ▫$W$▫ has dimension ▫$2D-2$▫. We display a basis for ▫$W$▫ which consists of eigenvectors for ▫$A^\ast$▫. We display the action of ▫$A$▫ on this basis. We show that ▫$W$▫ appears in the standard module of ▫$\Gamma$▫ with multiplicity ▫$k-1$▫, where ▫$k$▫ is the valency of ▫$\Gamma$▫.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with diameter ▫$D \ge 3$▫ and intersection...
Ključne besede: mathematics, graph theory, adjacency matrix, distance-regular graph, Terwilliger algebra
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1409; Prenosov: 9
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

4.
Leonard triples and hypercubes
Štefko Miklavič, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$V$▫ denote a vector space over ▫$\mathbb{C}$▫ with finite positive dimension. By a Leonard triple on ▫$V$▫ we mean an ordered triple of linear operators on ▫$V$▫ such that for each of these operators there exists a basis of ▫$V$▫ with respect to which the matrix representing that operator is diagonal and the matrices representing the other two operators are irreducible tridiagonal. Let ▫$D$▫ denote a positive integer and let ▫${\mathcal{Q}}_D$▫ denote the graph of the ▫$D$▫-dimensional hypercube. Let ▫$X$ denote the vertex set of ▫${\mathcal{Q}}_D$▫ and let ▫$A \in {\mathrm{Mat}}_X ({\mathbb{C}})$▫ denote the adjacency matrix of ▫${\mathcal{Q}}_D$▫. Fix ▫$x \in X$▫ and let ▫$A^\ast \in {\mathrm{Mat}}_X({\mathbb{C}})$▫ denote the corresponding dual adjacency matrix. Let ▫$T$▫ denote the subalgebra of ▫${\mathrm{Mat}}_X({\mathbb{C}})$ generated by ▫$A,A^\ast$▫. We refer to ▫$T$▫ as the Terwilliger algebra of ▫${\mathcal{Q}}_D$▫ with respect to ▫$x$▫. The matrices ▫$A$▫ and ▫$A^\ast$▫ are related by the fact that ▫$2iA = A^\ast A^\varepsilon - A^\varepsilon A^\ast$▫ and ▫$2iA^\ast = A^\varepsilon A - AA^\varepsilon$▫, where ▫$2iA^\varepsilon = AA^\ast - A^\ast A$▫ and ▫$i^2 = -1$▫. We show that the triple ▫$A$▫, ▫$A^\ast$▫, ▫$A^\varepsilon$▫ acts on each irreducible ▫$T$▫-module as a Leonard triple. We give a detailed description of these Leonard triples.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...mathematics, graph theory, Leonard triple, distance-regular graph, hypercube, Terwilliger algebra...
Ključne besede: mathematics, graph theory, Leonard triple, distance-regular graph, hypercube, Terwilliger algebra
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1475; Prenosov: 54
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

5.
On the connectivity of bipartite distance-balanced graphs
Štefko Miklavič, Primož Šparl, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A connected graph ▫$\varGamma$▫ is said to be distance-balanced whenever for any pair of adjacent vertices ▫$u,v$▫ of ▫$\varGamma$▫ the number of vertices closer to ▫$u$▫ than to ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices closer to ▫$v$▫ than to ▫$u$▫. In [K. Handa, Bipartite graphs with balanced ▫$(a,b)$▫-partitions, Ars Combin. 51 (1999), 113-119] Handa asked whether every bipartite distance-balanced graph, that is not a cycle, is 3-connected. In this paper the Handa question is answered in the negative. Moreover, we show that a minimal bipartite distance-balanced graph, that is not a cycle and is not 3-connected, has 18 vertices and is unique. In addition, we give a complete classification of non-3-connected bipartite distance-balanced graphs for which the minimal distance between two vertices in a 2-cut is three. All such graphs are regular and for each ▫$k \geq 3$▫ there exists an infinite family of such graphs which are ▫$k$▫-regular.Furthermore, we determine a number of structural properties that a bipartite distance-balanced graph, which is not 3-connected, must have. As an application, we give a positive answer to the Handa question for the subfamily of bipartite strongly distance-balanced graphs.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...A connected graph ▫$\varGamma$▫ is said to be distance-balanced whenever...
Ključne besede: graph theory, connected graphs, connectivity, distance-balanced graphs, bipartite graphs
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1279; Prenosov: 45
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

6.
Large sets of long distance equienergetic graphs
Dragan Stevanović, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Distance energy of a graph is a recent energy-type invariant, defined as the absolute deviation of the eigenvalues of the distance matrix of the graph. Two graphs of the same order are said to be distance equienergetic if they have equal distance energy, while they have distinct spectra of their distance matrices. Examples of pairs of distance equienergetic graphs appear in the literature already, but most of them have diameter two only. We describe here the distance spectrum of a special composition of regular graphs, and, as an application, we show that for any ▫$n \ge 3$▫, there exists a set of ▫$n + 1$▫ distance equienergetic graphs which have order ▫$6n$▫ and diameter ▫$n - 1$▫ each.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Distance energy of a graph is a recent energy-type invariant, defined as...
Ključne besede: graph theory, distance spectrum, distance energy, join, regular graphs
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1412; Prenosov: 55
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

7.
The strongly distance-balanced property of the generalized Petersen graphs
Klavdija Kutnar, Aleksander Malnič, Dragan Marušič, Štefko Miklavič, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be strongly distance-balanced whenever for any edge ▫$uv$▫ of ▫$X$▫ and any positive integer ▫$i$▫, the number of vertices at distance ▫$i$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$i + 1$▫ from ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices at distance ▫$i + 1$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$i$▫ from ▫$v$▫. It is proven that for any integers ▫$k \ge 2$▫ and ▫$n \ge k^2 + 4k + 1$▫, the generalized Petersen graph GP▫$(n, k)$▫ is not strongly distance-balanced.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be strongly distance-balanced...
Ključne besede: graph, strongy distance-balanced, generalized Petersen graph
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1440; Prenosov: 58
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

8.
Distance-regular Cayley graphs on dihedral groups
Štefko Miklavič, Primož Potočnik, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main result of this article is a classification of distance-regular Cayley graphs on dihedral groups. There exist four obvious families of such graphs, which are called trivial. These are: complete graphs, complete bipartite graphs, complete bipartite graphs with the edges of a 1-factor removed, and cycles. It is proved that every non-trivial distance-regular Cayley graph on a dihedral group is bipartite, non-antipodal, has diameter 3 and arises either from a cyclic di#erence set, or possibly (if any such exists) from a dihedral difference set satisfying some additional conditions. Finally, all distance-transitive Cayley graphs on dihedral groups are determined. It transpires that a Cayley graph on a dihedral group is distance-transitive if and only if it is trivial, or isomorphic to the incidence or to the non-incidence graph of a projective space ▫$\mathrm{PG}_{d-1} (d,q)$▫, ▫$d \ge 2$▫, or the unique pair of complementary symmetric designs on 11 vertices.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...article is a classification of distance-regular Cayley graphs on dihedral groups. There exist four obvious...
Ključne besede: mathematics, grah theory, distance-regular graph, distance-transitive graph, Cayley graph, dihedral group, dihedrant, difference set
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1210; Prenosov: 52
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

9.
On bipartite Q-polynominal distance-regular graphs
Štefko Miklavič, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with vertex set ▫$X$▫, diameter ▫$d \ge 3$▫ and valency ▫$k \ge 3$▫. Let ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ denote the vector space over ▫$\mathbb{R}$▫ consisting of column vectors with entries in ▫$\mathbb{r}$▫ and rows indexed by ▫$X$▫. For ▫$z \in X$▫, let ▫$\hat{z}$▫ denote the vector in ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ with a 1 in the ▫$z$▫-coordinate, and 0 in all other coordinates. Fix ▫$x,y \in X$▫ such that ▫$\partial(x,y)=2▫, where ▫$\partial$▫ denotes the path-length distance. For ▫$0 \le i,j \le d$▫ define ▫$w_{ij} = \sum\hat{z}$▫, where the sum is over all ▫$z \in X$▫ such that ▫$\partial(x,z) = i$▫ and ▫$\partial(y,z) = j▫$. We define ▫$W = \textrm{span} \{w_{ij}|0 \le i,j \le d\}$▫. In this paper we consider the space ▫$MW = \textrm{span} \{mw |m \in M, w \in W \l\}$▫, where ▫$M$▫ is the Bose-Mesner algebra of ▫$\Gamma$▫. We observe that ▫$MW$▫ is the minimal ▫$A$▫-invariant subspace of ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ which contains ▫$W$▫, where ▫$A$▫ is the adjacency matrix of ▫$\Gamma$▫. We display a basis for ▫$MW$▫ that is orthogonal with respect to the dot product. We give the action of ▫$A$▫ on this basis. We show that the dimension of ▫$MW$▫ is ▫$3d-3$▫ if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is 2-homogeneous, ▫$3d-1$▫ if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is the antipodal quotient of the ▫$2d$▫-cube, and ▫$4d-4$▫ otherwise. We obtain our main result using Terwilliger's "balanced set" characterization of the ▫$Q$▫-polynomial property.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with vertex set ▫$X$▫, diameter ▫$d \ge...
Ključne besede: mathematics, graph theory, distance-regular graphs, ▫$Q$▫-polynominal property, Bose-Mesner algebra, balanced set characterization of the Q-polynominal property
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1526; Prenosov: 11
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

10.
Distance-transitive graphs admit semiregular automorphisms
Klavdija Kutnar, Primož Šparl, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A distance-transitive graph is a graph in which for every two ordered pairs ofvertices ▫$(u,v)$▫ and ▫$(u',v')$▫ such that the distance between ▫$u$▫ and ▫$v$▫ is equal to the distance between ▫$u'$▫ and ▫$v'$▫ there exists an automorphism of the graph mapping ▫$u$▫ to ▫$u'$▫ and ▫$v$▫ to ▫$v'$▫. A semiregular element of a permutation group is anon-identity element having all cycles of equal length in its cycle decomposition. It is shown that every distance-transitive graph admits a semiregular automorphism.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...A distance-transitive graph is a graph in which for every...
Ključne besede: distance-transitive graph, vertex-transitive graph, semiregular automorphism, permutation group
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1617; Prenosov: 50
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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