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1.
On bipartite Q-polynomial distance-regular graphs with c [sub] 2 [equal] 1
Štefko Miklavič, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with diameter ▫$d \ge 3$▫, valency ▫$k \ge 3$▫ and intersection number ▫$c_2=1$▫. We show that ▫$\Gamma$▫ has a certain equitable partition of its vertex set which involves ▫$4d-4$▫ cells. We use this partition to show that the intersection numbers of ▫$\Gamma$▫ satisfy the following divisibility conditions: (I) ▫$c_{i+1}-1$▫ divides ▫$c_i(c_i-1)$▫ for ▫$2 \le i \le d-1$▫, and (II) ▫$b_{i-1}-1$▫ divides ▫$b_i(b_i-1)$▫ for ▫$1 \le i \le d-1$▫. Using these divisibility conditions we show that ▫$\Gamma$▫ does not exist if ▫$d=4$▫.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: mathematics, grah theory, distance-regular graphs, ▫$Q$▫-polynomial property, equitable partitions
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1632; Prenosov: 14
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

2.
Distance-balanced graphs: Symmetry conditions
Klavdija Kutnar, Aleksander Malnič, Dragan Marušič, Štefko Miklavič, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be distance-balanced if for any edge ▫$uv$▫ of ▫$X$▫, the number of vertices closer to ▫$u$▫ than to ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices closer to ▫$v$▫ than to ▫$u$▫. A graph ▫$X$▫ is said to be strongly distance-balanced if for any edge ▫$uv$▫ of ▫$X$▫ and any integer ▫$k$▫, the number of vertices at distance ▫$k$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$k+1$▫ from ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices at distance ▫$k+1$▫ from ▫$u$▫ and at distance ▫$k$▫ from ▫$v$▫. Exploring the connection between symmetry properties of graphs and the metric property of being (strongly) distance-balanced is the main theme of this article. That a vertex-transitive graph is necessarily strongly distance-balanced and thus also distance-balanced is an easy observation. With only a slight relaxation of the transitivity condition, the situation changes drastically: there are infinite families of semisymmetric graphs (that is, graphs which are edge-transitive, but not vertex-transitive) which are distance-balanced, but there are also infinite families of semisymmetric graphs which are not distance-balanced. Results on the distance-balanced property in product graphs prove helpful in obtaining these constructions. Finally, a complete classification of strongly distance-balanced graphs is given for the following infinite families of generalized Petersen graphs: GP▫$(n,2)$▫, GP▫$(5k+1,k)$▫, GP▫$(3k 3,k)$▫, and GP▫$(2k+2,k)$▫.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: graph theory, graph, distance-balanced graphs, vertex-transitive, semysimmetric, generalized Petersen graph
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1779; Prenosov: 44
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

3.
The A-like matrices for a Hypercubes
Štefko Miklavič, Paul Terwilliger, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...A-like matrices, distance-regular graphs, Hypercubes, ...
Ključne besede: A-like matrices, distance-regular graphs, Hypercubes
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1570; Prenosov: 24
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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4.
On the connectivity of bipartite distance-balanced graphs
Štefko Miklavič, Primož Šparl, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A connected graph ▫$\varGamma$▫ is said to be distance-balanced whenever for any pair of adjacent vertices ▫$u,v$▫ of ▫$\varGamma$▫ the number of vertices closer to ▫$u$▫ than to ▫$v$▫ is equal to the number of vertices closer to ▫$v$▫ than to ▫$u$▫. In [K. Handa, Bipartite graphs with balanced ▫$(a,b)$▫-partitions, Ars Combin. 51 (1999), 113-119] Handa asked whether every bipartite distance-balanced graph, that is not a cycle, is 3-connected. In this paper the Handa question is answered in the negative. Moreover, we show that a minimal bipartite distance-balanced graph, that is not a cycle and is not 3-connected, has 18 vertices and is unique. In addition, we give a complete classification of non-3-connected bipartite distance-balanced graphs for which the minimal distance between two vertices in a 2-cut is three. All such graphs are regular and for each ▫$k \geq 3$▫ there exists an infinite family of such graphs which are ▫$k$▫-regular.Furthermore, we determine a number of structural properties that a bipartite distance-balanced graph, which is not 3-connected, must have. As an application, we give a positive answer to the Handa question for the subfamily of bipartite strongly distance-balanced graphs.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: graph theory, connected graphs, connectivity, distance-balanced graphs, bipartite graphs
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1276; Prenosov: 45
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

5.
Large sets of long distance equienergetic graphs
Dragan Stevanović, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Distance energy of a graph is a recent energy-type invariant, defined as the absolute deviation of the eigenvalues of the distance matrix of the graph. Two graphs of the same order are said to be distance equienergetic if they have equal distance energy, while they have distinct spectra of their distance matrices. Examples of pairs of distance equienergetic graphs appear in the literature already, but most of them have diameter two only. We describe here the distance spectrum of a special composition of regular graphs, and, as an application, we show that for any ▫$n \ge 3$▫, there exists a set of ▫$n + 1$▫ distance equienergetic graphs which have order ▫$6n$▫ and diameter ▫$n - 1$▫ each.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: graph theory, distance spectrum, distance energy, join, regular graphs
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1410; Prenosov: 55
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

6.
On bipartite Q-polynominal distance-regular graphs
Štefko Miklavič, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite ▫$Q$▫-polynomial distance-regular graph with vertex set ▫$X$▫, diameter ▫$d \ge 3$▫ and valency ▫$k \ge 3$▫. Let ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ denote the vector space over ▫$\mathbb{R}$▫ consisting of column vectors with entries in ▫$\mathbb{r}$▫ and rows indexed by ▫$X$▫. For ▫$z \in X$▫, let ▫$\hat{z}$▫ denote the vector in ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ with a 1 in the ▫$z$▫-coordinate, and 0 in all other coordinates. Fix ▫$x,y \in X$▫ such that ▫$\partial(x,y)=2▫, where ▫$\partial$▫ denotes the path-length distance. For ▫$0 \le i,j \le d$▫ define ▫$w_{ij} = \sum\hat{z}$▫, where the sum is over all ▫$z \in X$▫ such that ▫$\partial(x,z) = i$▫ and ▫$\partial(y,z) = j▫$. We define ▫$W = \textrm{span} \{w_{ij}|0 \le i,j \le d\}$▫. In this paper we consider the space ▫$MW = \textrm{span} \{mw |m \in M, w \in W \l\}$▫, where ▫$M$▫ is the Bose-Mesner algebra of ▫$\Gamma$▫. We observe that ▫$MW$▫ is the minimal ▫$A$▫-invariant subspace of ▫${\mathbb{R}}^X$▫ which contains ▫$W$▫, where ▫$A$▫ is the adjacency matrix of ▫$\Gamma$▫. We display a basis for ▫$MW$▫ that is orthogonal with respect to the dot product. We give the action of ▫$A$▫ on this basis. We show that the dimension of ▫$MW$▫ is ▫$3d-3$▫ if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is 2-homogeneous, ▫$3d-1$▫ if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is the antipodal quotient of the ▫$2d$▫-cube, and ▫$4d-4$▫ otherwise. We obtain our main result using Terwilliger's "balanced set" characterization of the ▫$Q$▫-polynomial property.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: mathematics, graph theory, distance-regular graphs, ▫$Q$▫-polynominal property, Bose-Mesner algebra, balanced set characterization of the Q-polynominal property
Objavljeno: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 1520; Prenosov: 11
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

7.
On maximal distances in a commuting graph
Bojan Kuzma, Polona Oblak, Gregor Dolinar, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: It is shown that matrices over algebraically closed fields that are farthest apart in the commuting graph must be non-derogatory. Rank-one matrices and diagonalizable matrices are also characterized in terms of the commuting graph.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...algebra, algebraically closed field, centralizer, distance in graphs, ...
Ključne besede: matematika, linearna algebra, teorija grafov, komutirajoči grafi, matrična algebra, algebraično zaprt obseg, centralizator, razdalja v grafih, mathematics, linear algebra, graph theory, commuting graph, matrix algebra, algebraically closed field, centralizer, distance in graphs
Objavljeno: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 677; Prenosov: 86
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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8.
On the Terwilliger algebra of bipartite distance-regular graphs with [Delta][sub]2 = 0 and c[sub]2=1
Mark MacLean, Štefko Miklavič, Safet Penjić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$\Gamma$▫ denote a bipartite distance-regular graph with diameter ▫$D \geq 4$▫ and valency ▫$k \geq 3$▫. Let ▫$X$▫ denote the vertex set of ▫$\Gamma$▫, and let ▫$A$▫ denote the adjacency matrix of ▫$\Gamma$▫. For ▫$x \in X$▫ and for ▫$0 \leq i \leq D$▫, let ▫$\operatorname{\Gamma}_i(x)$▫ denote the set of vertices in ▫$X$▫ that are distance ▫$i$▫ from vertex ▫$x$▫. Define a parameter ▫$\operatorname{\Delta}_2$▫ in terms of the intersection numbers by ▫$\operatorname{\Delta}_2 = (k - 2)(c_3 - 1) -(c_2 - 1) p_{22}^2$▫. We first show that ▫$\operatorname{\Delta}_2 = 0$▫ implies that ▫$D \leq 5$▫ or ▫$c_2 \in \{1, 2 \}$▫. For ▫$x \in X$▫ let ▫$T = T(x)$▫ denote the subalgebra of ▫$\text{Mat}_X(\mathbb{C})$▫ generated by ▫$A, E_0^\ast, E_1^\ast, \ldots, E_D^\ast$▫, where for ▫$0 \leq i \leq D$, $E_i^\ast$▫ represents the projection onto the▫ $i$▫th subconstituent of ▫$\Gamma$▫ with respect to ▫$x$▫. We refer to ▫$T$▫ as the Terwilliger algebra of ▫$\Gamma$▫ with respect to ▫$x$▫. By the endpoint of an irreducible ▫$T$▫-module ▫$W$▫ we mean ▫$\min \{i | E_i^\ast W \ne 0 \}$▫. In this paper we assume ▫$\Gamma$▫ has the property that for ▫$2 \leq i \leq D - 1$▫, there exist complex scalars ▫$\alpha_i$▫, ▫$\beta_i$▫ such that for all ▫$x, y, z \in X$▫ with ▫$\partial(x, y) = 2$▫, ▫$\partial(x, z) = i$▫, ▫$\partial(y, z) = i$▫, we have ▫$\alpha_i + \beta_i | \operatorname{\Gamma}_1(x) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_1(y) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_{i - 1}(z) | = | \operatorname{\Gamma}_{i - 1}(x) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_{i - 1}(y) \cap \operatorname{\Gamma}_1(z) |$▫. We additionally assume that▫ $\operatorname{\Delta}_2 = 0$▫ with ▫$c_2 = 1$▫. Under the above assumptions we study the algebra ▫$T$▫. We show that if ▫$\Gamma$▫ is not almost 2-homogeneous, then up to isomorphism there exists exactly one irreducible ▫$T$▫-module with endpoint 2. We give an orthogonal basis for this ▫$T$▫-module, and we give the action of ▫$A$▫ on this basis.
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: distance-regular graphs, terwilliger algebra, subconstituent algebra
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 493; Prenosov: 38
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

9.
10.
On the Terwilliger algebra of bipartite distance-regular graphs with $G_{i-1,i-1,1}(x, y, z) = alpha_i + beta_i G_{1,1,i%1}(x, y, z)$
Safet Penjić, 2018, prispevek na konferenci brez natisa

Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Ključne besede: distance-regular graphs, Terwilliger algebra, irreducible modules
Objavljeno: 17.09.2018; Ogledov: 260; Prenosov: 3
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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