Modernost in postmodernost v luči vrnitve potlačenegaErnest Ženko
, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: At the end of 1970s, the academic arena witnessed the entrance of postmodernity - the topic that significantly marked the end of the previous century. The development of the theoretical movement, which gained dominance in the 1980s, was concomitant with the emergence of new trends in art (first in architecture and literature and later on in other fields) jointly labelled with the term "postmodernism". This and the following decade gave birth to an enormous number of theoretical texts and saw the organization of numerous conferences. During this time, postmodernism developed into postmodernity, thus spreading from the field of art to cultural and social reality. Perceived as a form of rebellion against the modern, the postmodern came into fashion. However, its gradual disappearance from fashion led to a shift in the status of postmodernity - in the course of time, this topic was no longer discussed in academic circles and became an increasingly stigmatized theoretical subject, while the term itself started to be used to describe the present condition of society. The article presupposes that the reason for such attitude towards postmodernity lies in the attitude of postmodernity towards modernity, and traces the development of the modern project since it origins in the 18th century Enlightenment philosophy. Enlightenment authors developed several notions, including the objectivity of science, universality of morality and law, and autonomy of art, that provided the base for the development of the Enlightenment project that can be understood as the inner logic of modernity. In the 20th century, however, the project aiming at establishing a rational society and transcending the myth-based view of the world revealed its darker side as argued by Horkheimer and Adorno. Their analysis of the Enlightenment revealing that the Enlightenment rationalization of social practices involved the reduction of the mind to a mere formal level forms the basis of the postmodern critique of the Enlightenment and modern projects. The dominant form of postmodernity is thus understood in the sense of anti-modernity the aim of which is to completely reject modernity, including its ideals stemming from the Enlightenment philosophy. According to the article, such rejection has resulted in the revival of premodern values and social practices. The author of the article believes that this process can be understood through methodological presumptions based on Freud's psychoanalysis, and interprets postmodernity and postmodernity-related discontent in the light of the return of the repressed
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Povzetek najdenega: ...modernost, postmodernost, teoretska psihoanaliza, kritična teorija, ...
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