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Obitelj dalmatinskog plemstva od 12. do 14. stoljeća
Zrinka Nikolić Jakus, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: In the period from the twelfth until the fourteenth century the Dalmatian noble family gradually was established as a patrilineal lineage. In the article this process is studied especially on the example of the three biggest Dalmatian cities - Zadar, Trogir, and Split. The changes first appearedin Zadar. They appeared relatively late in the terminology connected with family - at the end of the thirteenth century - and they are best seen in the change of status of daughters in relations to family inheritance. Although by Roman law they had rights to equal shares in the whole property - including estates and houses - just the same as their brothers, during the thirteenth century the right of inheritance after the death of the parents was gradually replaced by a pay-off of shares of inheritance in the dowry at the time of marriage. First, the payment of inheritance in money in the dowry was preferred when girls married foreigners from distant cities. This new custom appeared first in Zadar because it had a more developed economy, making monetary payments easier. The practice of giving estates in dowries was retained longer in Trogir and Split. Patronage rights were never denied to female descendants. Finally, in fourteenth-century Zadar, payment of dowries in cash became a way to deny sisters an equal share in inheritance with brothers, because dowries fell short of equal shares of the inheritance. That patrilineal lineage was getting stronger is also illustrated by the adoption of family names. It is significant that family names that derived from the name of ancestors appeared later, while the first family names derived from nicknames. In this process Zadar was also ahead of other cities. In spite of the attenuated process of the establishment of the patrilineal family, the importance of cognatic and affinial ties were continuously recognised in private and public life whether in legal attempts to prevent the uniting of cousins in governmental bodies or in the obligation of cognates to take part in the defense of family honor and feuds. In this way, both types of family - cognatic and agnatic - had an important role in the circles of Dalmatian nobility.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...the three biggest Dalmatian cities - Zadar, Trogir, and Split. The changes first appearedin Zadar....
Keywords: plemstvo, mesta, mestno plemstvo, Dalmacija, Zadar, Trogir, Split, družina, srednji vek
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1100; Downloads: 17
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

Metodološki pristup analizi dalmatinskoga gradskog plemstva
Mladen Andreis, 2008, review article

Abstract: Data from Heyer von Rosenfeld's Wappenbuch des Königreichs Dalmatien (Heraldryof the Kingdom of Dalmatia) is often quoted in encyclopedic biographical reference books, such as the Croatian Register of Nobility and the Croatian Biographical Lexicon. However, a thorough analysis of Tragurin nobility revealed that approximately two thirds of the kindred (86 out of 130)that Ronsenfeld's heraldry lists among Tragurin nobility in fact were not actually members. The findings presented in the article were reached through the application of genealogical analysis of a database compiled based on minutes of municipal councils, municipal archives, family archives, municipal registers, and other sources; using appropriate computer applications members of the urban nobility in the period from the 13th century through 1805 were authenticated. Within the examined six centuries, two periods required unique methodological approaches. The main problem when analyzing the medieval period lies in the identification of family membership of individuals frequently recorded only with their personal and their fathers' names (in the 13th and 14th centuries most family names were not formed yet). An additional problem characterizing the period preceding the closure of councils (up to the first half of the 14th century) is the identification of the town councilor. Given the increasing frequency of conferring noble titles since the 16th century onwards and the development of new nobility in the restored communes of Skradin and Nin, archival sources reveal that some individuals would be addressed as nobile or conte while no additional information on what defined their status can be found. Some noblemen permanently lived in specific towns; however, their titles as nobles did not derive from their affiliation with the town council. In addition, noblemen addressed as conte could be granted a national nobility status while also being members of the town councils in the towns where they lived as well as in other towns. Often the noble title would be mentioned only to be polite. Therefore, the origin of noble titles that the sources frequently do not mention needs to be determined. The possible applications of computer-based methods in the analysis of a genealogical database are shown based on the analysis of nuptial matters, which represents a significant parameter of the nobility as an isolated class. Using this method the marriages among nobility members through centuries were analyzed, taking into consideration their class status (nobility, citizenry) and noble origins. In addition, quantitative indicators of endogamy as a measure of closeness of separate isolates were examined.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...plemstvo, mesta, genealoška metoda, Trogir, Dalmacija, ...
Keywords: plemstvo, mesta, genealoška metoda, Trogir, Dalmacija
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 736; Downloads: 3
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

Irena Benyovsky: Trogir u katastru Franje I., Zagreb, Hrvatski institut za povijest, Državni arhiv u Splitu, 2005, 180 str.
Marija Mogorović Crljenko, 2007, review, book review, critique

Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: Zadetek v naslovu
Keywords: arhivski viri, katastri, Trogir, knjižne ocene
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1130; Downloads: 4
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

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