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A complete classification of cubic symmetric graphs of girth 6
Klavdija Kutnar, Dragan Marušič, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: A complete classification of cubic symmetric graphs of girth 6 is given. It is shown that with the exception of the Heawood graph, the Moebius-Kantor graph, the Pappus graph, and the Desargues graph, a cubic symmetric graph ▫$X$▫ of girth 6 is a normal Cayley graph of a generalized dihedral group; in particular, (i) ▫$X$▫ is 2-regular if and only if it is isomorphic to a so-called ▫$I_k^n$▫-path, a graph of order either ▫$n^2/2$▫ or ▫$n^2/6$▫, which is characterized by the fact that its quotient relative to a certain semiregular automorphism is a path. (ii) ▫$X$▫ is 1-regular if and only if there exists an integer ▫$r$▫ with prime decomposition ▫$r=3^s p_1^{e_1} \dots p_t^{e_t} > 3$▫, where ▫$s \in \{0,1\}$▫, ▫$t \ge 1$▫, and ▫$p_i \equiv 1 \pmod{3}$▫, such that ▫$X$▫ is isomorphic either to a Cayley graph of a dihedral group ▫$D_{2r}$▫ of order ▫$2r$▫ or ▫$X$▫ is isomorphic to a certain ▫$\ZZ_r$▫-cover of one of the following graphs: the cube ▫$Q_3$▫, the Pappus graph or an ▫$I_k^n(t)$▫-path of order ▫$n^2/2$▫.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Keywords: graph theory, cubic graphs, symmetric graphs, ▫$s$▫-regular graphs, girth, consistent cycle
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1829; Downloads: 49
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

On 2-fold covers of graphs
Yan-Quan Feng, Klavdija Kutnar, Aleksander Malnič, Dragan Marušič, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: A regular covering projection ▫$\wp : \widetilde{X} \to X$▫ of connected graphs is ▫$G$▫-admissible if ▫$G$▫ lifts along ▫$\wp$▫. Denote by ▫$\tilde{G}$▫ the lifted group, and let CT▫$(\wp)$▫ be the group of covering transformations. The projection is called ▫$G$▫-split whenever the extension ▫{$\mathrm{CT}}(\wp) \to \tilde{G} \to G$▫ splits. In this paper, split 2-covers are considered, with a particular emphasis given to cubic symmetric graphs. Supposing that ▫$G$▫ is transitive on ▫$X$▫, a ▫$G$▫-split cover is said to be ▫$G$▫-split-transitive if all complements ▫$\tilde{G} \cong G$▫ of CT▫$(\wp)$▫ within ▫$\tilde{G}$▫ are transitive on ▫$\widetilde{X}$▫; it is said to be ▫$G$▫-split-sectional whenever for each complement ▫$\tilde{G}$▫ there exists a ▫$\tilde{G}$▫-invariant section of ▫$\wp$▫; and it is called ▫$G$▫-split-mixed otherwise. It is shown, when ▫$G$▫ is an arc-transitive group, split-sectional and split-mixed 2-covers lead to canonical double covers. Split-transitive covers, however, are considerably more difficult to analyze. For cubic symmetric graphs split 2-cover are necessarily canonical double covers (that is, no ▫$G$▫-split-transitive 2-covers exist) when ▫$G$▫ is 1-regular or 4-regular. In all other cases, that is, if ▫$G$▫ is ▫$s$▫-regular, ▫$s=2,3$▫ or ▫$5$▫, a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a transitive complement ▫$\tilde{G}$▫ is given, and moreover, an infinite family of split-transitive 2-covers based on the alternating groups of the form ▫$A_{12k+10}$▫ is constructed. Finally, chains of consecutive 2-covers, along which an arc-transitive group ▫$G$▫ has successive lifts, are also considered. It is proved that in such a chain, at most two projections can be split. Further, it is shown that, in the context of cubic symmetric graphs, if exactly two of them are split, then one is split-transitive and the other one is either split-sectional or split-mixed.
Found in: ključnih besedah
Summary of found: ...considered, with a particular emphasis given to cubic symmetric graphs. Supposing that ▫$G$▫ is transitive...
Keywords: graph theory, graphs, cubic graphs, symmetric graphs, ▫$s$▫-regular group, regular covering projection
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 1300; Downloads: 14
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

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