Anton RupnikOndřej Vojtěchovský
, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: After the split between Stalin and Tito from June 1948 the only centre of the Yugoslav pro-Soviet movement was established abroad. "Cominformist" groups gained support and hospitality in the USSR and the countries of people's democracy. Among the functionaries of the emigrant's organizations strong personalities can be hardly found. The bunch of lower rank diplomats, state officials, army officers, students and apprentices were not able to generate a leader. The fraction struggles in the isolated communities broke out very soon and disabled most of their activities. The host party officials were looking for the suitable candidates for leading positions. In Czechoslovakia such a person was recognized in the person of Anton Rupnik, a French communist of Slovene origin, who fled to Prague in summer 1949. This paper treats the beginning of Rupnik's political career. It starts in the 1930s in Northern France in the multinational immigrant environment of miners. As a young boy he became a member of the French Communist Party. His first steps were connected to the activity of the labour movement on local level. After the Nazi aggression against the Soviet Union in June 1941 the French communists transferred from passive resistance to open action against the German occupation forces. Rupnik became an organizer of the underground web and sabotages. He was arrested and sent to the concentration camp in Mauthausen where he met influential personalities of PCF and other European CPs. Under these circumstances of imprisonment he gained political skills and a reputation of an honest man. His war experience and merits earned him the position of the communist party's official in 1945. He got engaged in the repatriation plan of the French Yugoslavs back to their homeland. Later he entered the diplomatic service of Yugoslavia and expected to return to this country, too. However, after the Cominform resolution from June 1948 he thought his plans over. Being influenced by PCF, he expressed his approval with the standpoint of Moscow. He resigned on his diplomatic duty and retreated to illegality. With the help of French party he found political asylum in Czechoslovakia. After a few months he took over the leadership of the Yugoslav emigration group in Prague. This position ensured him the entrance to the central committee of anti-Titoist Yugoslavs in Moscow. He also represented Yugoslavia at the world pro-soviet events and in the world federation of trade unions. He stayed in the office until 1953. In the mid 60s he returned back to France with his family without endorsing his Yugoslav or Slovene identity any further
Najdeno v: ključnih besedah
Povzetek najdenega: ...took over the leadership of the Yugoslav emigration group in Prague. This position ensured him...
Ključne besede: Communist movement, Cominform, Yugoslav political emigration, French Communist Party, Czechoslovakia
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 880; Prenosov: 4
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