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Title:Decomposition of skew-morphisms of cyclic groups
Authors:Kovács, István (Author)
Nedela, Roman (Author)
Work type:Not categorized
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:IAM - Andrej Marušič Institute
Abstract:A skew-morphism of a group ▫$H$▫ is a permutation ▫$\sigma$▫ of its elements fixing the identity such that for every ▫$x, y \in H$▫ there exists an integer ▫$k$▫ such that ▫$\sigma (xy) = \sigma (x)\sigma k(y)$▫. It follows that group automorphisms are particular skew-morphisms. Skew-morphisms appear naturally in investigations of maps on surfaces with high degree of symmetry, namely, they are closely related to regular Cayley maps and to regular embeddings of the complete bipartite graphs. The aim of this paper is to investigate skew-morphisms of cyclic groups in the context of the associated Schur rings. We prove the following decomposition theorem about skew-morphisms of cyclic groups ▫$\mathbb Z_n$▫: if ▫$n = n_{1}n_{2}$▫ such that ▫$(n_{1}n_{2}) = 1$▫, and ▫$(n_{1}, \varphi (n_{2})) = (\varphi (n_{1}), n_{2}) = 1$▫ (▫$\varphi$▫ denotes Euler's function) then all skew-morphisms ▫$\sigma$▫ of ▫$\mathbb Z_n$▫ are obtained as ▫$\sigma = \sigma_1 \times \sigma_2$▫, where ▫$\sigma_i$▫ are skew-morphisms of ▫$\mathbb Z_{n_i}, \; i = 1, 2$▫. As a consequence we obtain the following result: All skew-morphisms of ▫$\mathbb Z_n$▫ are automorphisms of ▫$\mathbb Z_n$▫ if and only if ▫$n = 4$▫ or ▫$(n, \varphi(n)) = 1$▫.
Keywords:cyclic group, permutation group, skew-morphism, Schur ring
Year of publishing:2011
Number of pages:str. 329-349
Numbering:Vol. 4, no. 2
COBISS_ID:1024369492 Link is opened in a new window
Categories:Document is not linked to any category.
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Secondary language

Keywords:ciklična grupa, permutacijska grupa, poševni morfizem, Schurov kolobar


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