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Title:Vpliv 6-mesečnega vadbenega programa na vzdržljivost in parametre aerobne sposobnosti odraslih žensk
Authors:Škof, Branko (Author)
Milić, Radoje (Author)
Files:URL http://versita.metapress.com/content/m23174h247061m15/fulltext.pdf
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Not categorized
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FHŠ - Faculty of Humanities
Abstract:Namen študije je bil ugotoviti vpliv kompleksnega polletnega rekreativnega programa na tekaško vzdržljivost žensk srednjih let z nizko telesno pripravljenostjo in ugotoviti, na katere parametre aerobne sposobnosti vpliva izbrana vadba. V eksperiment je bilo vključenih 11 žensk povprečne starosti 48,7 11,9 let. Njihova telesna višina je bila 165,5 7,1 cm, telesna masa 74,1 10,7 kg, delež maščobne mase pa 25,6 5,6 %. Največja poraba kisika jeznašala 33,7 6,1 mlO2/kg/min. Program je potekal 24 tednov 4-krat tedensko. Za razvoj vzdržljivosti so preiskovanke opravljale vadbo teka in hoje ter druge oblike aerobne vadbe. Pomembna vsebina programa pa je bila tudivadba za razvoj mišične moči in gibljivosti. Preiskovanke so pred končanimvadbenim programom in po njem opravile antropometrične meritve in meritve funkcionalnih ter biokemijskih parametrov z obremenilnim testom na tekoči preprogi. Vsi izbrani parametri tekaške vzdržljivosti so se izboljšali za 10 do 19,7 % (P<0,01). Vrednost VO2max se je povečala za 360 ml/min oziroma5,5 ml/kg/min, kar pomeni 14,1 1,2-odstotni oziroma 16,9 1,5 % napredek (P<0,001). K povečani aerobni sposobnosti preiskovank po končanem vadbenem protokolu so najpomembneje vplivali parametri srčne funkcije in dihalni kazalci. Utripni volumen srca se je povečal za 11,5 3,1 %; z 80,2 11,5 ml na 89,4 7,6 ml; (P<0,05), največja minutna ventilacija pa za 13,7 1,4 % (P<0,01). Na osnovi rezultatov je mogoče ugotoviti, da je bil kompleksentekaški program za izbran vzorec žensk srednjih let z nizko telesno pripravljenostjo učinkovit. Ni zagotovil le pozitivnega biološkega odziva in posredno zmanjšanega zdravstvenega tveganja, temveč je bil tudi pomemben dejavnik pri razvijanju zdravega, tj. aktivnega načina življenja odraslih žensk.
Keywords:aerobne sposobnosti, vzdržljivost, učinki vadbe, ženske
Year of publishing:2010
Number of pages:str. 124-131
Numbering:Letn. 49, št. 3
ISSN:0351-0026
UDC:796.012.12:796.422
COBISS_ID:1024272468 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1899
Downloads:24
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a complex six-month recreational running programme on the aerobic capacity of middle-aged women with poor physical fitness, and to establish which physiological and biochemical parameters are affected by the selected training. The study included 11 females with the average age of 48.7 11.9 years. Their body height was 165.5 7,1 cm, body mass 74.1 10,7 kg and body fat percentage 25,6 5,6 %. The maximum oxygen uptake was 33.7 6,1 mlO2/kg/min. The training programme took place four times a week over a 24-week period. The endurance training consisted of running, walking and walking uphill. Another important element of the programme were exercices for muscle strength and flexibility. Before and after the training programme, the participants underwent anthropometrical measurements and measurements of functional and biochemical parameters using a loading test on a treadmill. All the selected running endurance parameters improved by 10 % to 17% (P<0.01). VO2max increased by 360 ml/min or 5.5 ml/kg/min, which means 14.1 1,2 % or 16.9 1,5 % (P<0.001). The increase in the runners' aerobic capacity after completing the training protocol was mainly due to improved cardiac function parameters. The heart stroke volume rose by 11.5 3,1 %, i.e. from 80.2 11.5 ml to 89.4 7.6 ml; (P<0.05). The study results confirmed the efficiencyof the complex running programme in the selected sample of middle-aged women with poor physical fitness. It not only brought about a positive biological response with an indirect decrease in health risk, but also encouraged the participants to adopt a healthy and active lifestyle.
Keywords:aerobic capacities, endurance, effects of training, women

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