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Title:Patients' adherence to treatment of diabetes mellitus
Authors:Petek, Davorina (Author)
Rotar-Pavlič, Danica (Author)
Kersnik, Janko (Author)
Švab, Igor (Author)
Files:URL http://versita.metapress.com/content/h00u222g355h7470/fulltext.pdf
 
Language:English
Work type:Not categorized
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FHŠ - Faculty of Humanities
Abstract:Izhodišče: Za uspešno zdravljenje diabetesa je zelo pomembna bolnikova sposobnost za samooskrbo. Bolniki vsakodnevno sprejemajo odločitve, kako vključiti priporočila zdravljenja v svoje življenje, ne da bi pri tem trpela kakovost njihovega življenja. Raziskava predstavlja, kakšne ovire v sodelovanju pri zdravljenju občutijo sladkorni bolniki. Metode: Uporabljena jebila kvalitativna metodologija s petimi fokusnimi skupinami bolnikov in eno skupino strokovnjakov z osrednjega področja Slovenije. Prepis posnetka je bil dvojno neodvisno analiziran z uporabo metode bazalne teorije z določitvijo kod kot osnovnih analiznih enot in združevanjem kod v teme in kategorije. Rezultati: Bolnikova stališča do bolezni se po postavitvi diagnoze sčasoma spreminjajo. K prilagoditvi na drugačne življenjske okoliščine in k ponovnemu obvladovanju življenja pripomorejo znanje o bolezni in lastne izkušnje v zveziz boleznijo. Prijatelji in družina ne podpirajo vedno zdravljenja sladkorne bolezni. Nekateri bolniki v družbi zanikajo bolezen, ker jo čutijo kot stigmo. Sladkorna tudi vpliva na bolnikovo delovno sposobnost in finančno blagostanje. Pri premagovanju ovir je zelo pomembno vzajemno zaupanje z zdravnikom in zdravnikovo iskreno zanimanje za težave bolnika. Bolniki odklanjajo presplošne nasvete in pričakujejo, da jim bo zdravnik pomagal razviti sposobnost samooskrbe in obvladovanje bolezni. Na sposobnost samooskrbe pa vplivajo tudi dobra organiziranost bolnikovega življenja in njegove osebnostne lastnosti. Razprava: Raziskava predstavlja ovire za bolnikovo zavzetost za zdravljenje, kot jih doživlja bolnik. Bolniki čutijo pravico do občasne opustitve priporočenega zdravljenja, posebej v določenih družabnih in življenjskih okoliščinah. Ravnovesje med željami bolnika, delovnimi zahtevami in priporočili za zdravljenje na eni strani ter k bolniku usmerjena individualna podpora zdravnika ob bolnikovi prilagoditveni sposobnosti na drugi strani lahko izboljša zdravstveno oskrbo.
Keywords:zavzetost za zdravljenje, osnovno zdravstvo, samooskrba, kvalitativna metodologija, sladkorna bolezen
Year of publishing:2010
Number of pages:str. 11-18
Numbering:Letn. 49, št. 1
ISSN:0351-0026
UDC:616.379-008.64
COBISS_ID:1024227412 Link is opened in a new window
Views:2517
Downloads:81
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:Objectives: Diabetes is a chronic disease where patient's ability for self management is very important. Patients are every day taking decisions how to integrate treatment recommendations into their lives without impacting the quality of life. The aim of this study was to explore participants' perceived barriers to adherence to treatment. Methods: A qualitative study with five focus groups of patients with Type 2 diabetes and one group of experts on diabetes mellitus was performed in the central area of Slovenia. The transcribed text was independently analysed by principles of grounded theory with codes merging into themes and categories . Results: Time changes patients' attitudes toward disease. Good education about the disease and their own experience with the disease help patients to adapt to different life situations and to regain control in their life. Family and friends are not always supportive to diabetes treatment. Some patients deny having disease in social encounters because they feel stigmatised. Diabetes also challenges patient's working ability and financial welfare. Patients also emphasise that mutual trust with physician and his true interest in patients' problems is very important for good results of medical care. They refuse universal advice and expect that the doctor helps them to develop self-management skills and coping with the disease. Additional prerequisites for good self management are also adequate organisation of life and adequate personal characteristics of the patients. Discussion: This study offers additional insights into patients' views of the barriers to adherence. Patients feel empowered for occasional departure from recommended treatment in some social and life situations. Better medical care could be the result of good balance between social expectations of the patients, treatment and working demands on one side and individualised support of the physician with patients' own capacity torear range life on the other side.
Keywords:adherence to treatment, primary care, self management, qualitative research, diabetes care

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