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Title:Psihološki učinki skrajne gibalne neaktivnosti v pogojih simulirane breztežnosti
Authors:Dimec Časar, Tjaša (Author)
Dolenc, Petra (Author)
Pišot, Rado (Author)
Tušak, Matej (Author)
Files:URL http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-KPX9RQR0
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Not categorized
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:UPR - University of Primorska
Abstract:Najpogostejša metoda za spremljanje učinkov popolne gibalne neaktivnosti na človekov organizem je simuliranje breztežnostnega stanja oziroma bed rest (BR) model, ki predpostavlja daljše obdobje ležanja v vodoravnem položaju. V raziskavi smo ugotavljali spremembe v razpoloženju, psihološkem blagostanju, spoprijemalnih strategijah in telesni samopodobi med 35-dnevnim mirovanjem v strogem vodoravnem položaju pri desetih mladih zdravih moških. Psihološke vprašalnike so izpolnjevali pred začetkom eksperimenta in ob koncu le-tega. Emocionalna stanja, zadovoljstvo z življenjem in telesna samopodoba se niso statistično pomembno spremenili po BR obdobju, rezultati na lestvici CRI pa kažejo na trend porasta uporabe na emocije usmerjenega spoprijemanja in upada na problem usmerjenega soočanja s težavami. Splošno počutje udeležencev, izraženo z rezultatom na lestvici GHQ, se je po eksperimentu v primerjavi s predeksperimentalnim obdobjem poslabšalo. Izraženost teh simptomov pa je bila tudi po obdobju gibalne imobiliziranosti relativno nizka in ni predstavljala grožnje za psihično zdravje udeležencev. Naši rezultati kažejo na to, da so ugodne bivanjske razmere in možnost socialne interakcije v času popolne telesne neaktivnosti nekakšno varovalo pred poslabšanjem psihičnega statusa oziroma ublažijo negativne učinke, ki jih povzroča daljša gibalna imobiliziranost. Dobljeni izsledki imajo aplikativno vrednost na področju zdravstvene preventive in rehabilitacije.
Keywords:gibalna neaktivnost, psihično stanje, simulirana breztežnost, bed rest raziskave
Year of publishing:2009
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 49-61
Numbering:Letn. 18, št. 1
ISSN:1318-1874
UDC:159.913:613.7
COBISS_ID:1591507 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1702
Downloads:16
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Psychological effects of acute physical inactivty during microgravitiy simulated by bed rest
Abstract:Long-duration weightlessness simulated by bed rest represents an important model to study the consequences of physical inactivity and sedentarism on the human body. This study evaluated changes of mood status, psychological well-being, coping strategies and physical self in ten healthy young male subjects during a 35-day horizontal bed rest. Participants were asked to complete psychometrical inventories before and after the bed rest experiment. The preceived satisfaction with life and the physical self-concept did not change during bed rest period and mood states were relatively stable during the experiment according to the Emotional States Questionnaire. The neurotic level was enhanced during the bed rest period according to the Slovenian version of the General Health Questionnaire. However, even after the period of physical immobilization, the expression of these symptoms remains relatively low and does not represent a risk to the mental health of the subjects. The results from Coping Resources Inventory indicated a tendency toward an increase of emotion focused coping and a decrease of problem focused coping strategies. The importance of this research was to provide evidence that the provision of favourable habitability countermeasures can prevent deterioration in the psychological state under conditions of physical immobilisation. Our findings have applied value in the field of health prevention and rehabilitaion.
Keywords:physical inactivity, psychological states, simulated microgravity, bed rest studies

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