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Title:Medsebojna povezanost otrok v starostno homogenih in starostno kombiniranih skupinah
Authors:Čotar Konrad, Sonja (Author)
Valenčić, Anja (Author)
Files:URL http://www.pef.um.si/content/Zalozba/clanki_2015_letnik8_stev3/REI%208%203%2004.pdf
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Not categorized
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Glavni namen raziskave je ugotoviti, ali obstajajo razlike v pogostosti pojavljanja posameznih sociometričnih položajev in struktur otrok glede na starostno kombinirane in starostno homogene skupine. Raziskovanje je potekalo v časovnem obdobju dveh mesecev in je temeljilo na neslučajnostnem, namenskem vzorcu petih starostno homogenih in petih starostno kombiniranih skupin. Podatke smo pridobili s pomočjo kvantitativne tehnike sociometrične preizkušnje, intervjujev vzgojiteljic za pridobitev opisov osebnostnih lastnosti ter anketnega vprašalnika za starše. V empiričnem delu smo na osnovi sociometrične preizkušnje želeli ugotoviti, ali obstajajo razlike v medsebojni povezanosti med starostno homogenimi in starostno kombiniranimi skupinami. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da se v starostno homogenih skupinah pojavlja več priljubljenih in več zavrnjenih otrok. Te skupine imajo tudi večji indeks kohezivnosti ter ugodnejšo strukturo skupine v primerjavi s starostno kombiniranimi skupinami. Starejši otroci v starostno kombiniranih skupinah izbirajo med otroki podobne starosti, medtem ko so mlajši otroci izbirali starejše. Posledično to privede do ugotovitve, da so mlajši otroci v večini prezrti, medtem ko se med priljubljene otroke uvrstijo le starejši. Ob analizi sociogramov skupin smo ugotovili, da so mlajši otroci v starostno kombiniranih skupinah v večini osamljeni.
Keywords:predšolski otroci, sociometrični položaj, starostno kombinirane skupine, starostno homogene skupine
Year of publishing:2015
Number of pages:str. 59-76
Numbering:Letn. 8, št. 3
ISSN:1855-4431
UDC:316.472.3-053.4
COBISS_ID:1537631172 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1260
Downloads:31
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Mutual relatedness of children in homogeneous and in combined age groups
Abstract:The essential purpose of the survey was to find out if between combined and in homogeneous age groups there are differences in frequency of occurrence of individual sociometrical positions and structure of children. The research was based on non-accidental, purposive sample of five homogeneous and five combined age groups. Based on sociometric test, in the empirical part, we wished to find out if there are differences in mutual connections between homogeneous and combined age groups. The research was done over a period of two months and was based on non-accidental, purposive sample of five homogeneous and five combined age groups. We obtained the data with the help of the quantitative technique of sociometric test. The results of the research show that there are more popular and more rejected children in homogeneous age groups. These groups also have a higher index of cohesiveness and a more favourable structure of the group in comparison to combined age groups. Older children in combined age groups choose among children of similar age and younger children choose from among older children. Consequentially, the results lead to the finding that younger children are mostly overlooked; only the older children can be among the popular ones. With the analysis of the sociograms of groups we found out that in combined age groups younger children are mostly lonely.
Keywords:preschool children, sociometric position, peer relations, combined age groups, homogenous age groups

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