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Title:Evropski "drugi" : turški islam in njegova evropska perspektiva
Authors:Zalta, Anja (Author)
Files:URL http://dk.fdv.uni-lj.si/db/pdfs/tip20063-4_Zalta.pdf
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Not categorized
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:UPR - University of Primorska
Abstract:Prispevek predstavi zgodovino evropskega dojemanja "drugega", ki odločilno vpliva na oblikovanje evropske identitete. Tako kot je evropska identiteta povezana z obstojem "drugega", ta "drugi" postane sestavni del Evrope, kar je posebej razvidno v evropskem odnosu do "Turka". Kot posledico porazov, ki so jih utrpeli s strani otomanskih zavojevalcev, so zahodni kristjani razvili občutek za enotnost in skupnost. Posebnost te nove situacije je bila projekcija sovražnosti do muslimanov v sedaj simbolični lik "Turka", in prav religija je tista, ki postane glavni dejavnik pri njegovi reprezentaciji kot evropskega "drugega". Prispevek predstavi nekatere primere "pregona Turka iz Evrope" v sodobni evropski zgodovini ter današnje reprezentacije Turčije v evropski zavesti, s posebnim poudarkom na Saidovi kritiki Samuela Huntingtona in njegovega znamenitega "spopada civilizacij", ki kljub vsemu močno zaznamuje evropsko-turški diskurz. Pokaže tudi na specifičnosti turškega islama in sekularnosti v Turčiji ter različne evropske odzive nanju.
Keywords:kulturne študije, kulturna identiteta, strpnost, Evropa, islam
Year of publishing:2006
Number of pages:str. 557-566
Numbering:št. 3/4, Letn. 43
ISSN:0040-3598
UDC:316.72(4):28(560)
COBISS_ID:1064659 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1225
Downloads:39
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:The article looks at how the comprehension of "Other" in Europe develops through history and analyzes its effects on the formation of the European identity. As European identity is connected to the existence of the "Other", this "Other" becomes a constituent element of Europe, which is especially visible in the European attitude towards the "Turk". After the Ottoman intruders invaded the West and defeated its inhabitants, the Western Christians developed a sentiment for unity and community that soon became the seed from which sprung the tree of hostility toward the Muslims. This hostility towards the Muslims was later projected on now symbolical figure of the "Turk, with religion becoming the main factor of its representation as the European 'Other'". The article presents some of the examples of "persecution of the 'Turk' from Europe" in the contemporary history and outlines the modern European perception of Turkey with a special emphasis on Said's critique of Samuel Huntington and his famous "clash of civilizations" which nonetheless strongly influences the discourse between Europe and Turkey. The article also draws attention to the specificities of Turkish Islam and the secularities in Turkey to finally present the different responses to both of them.

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