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The contribution of FDI, technology and R&D to spillovers in industrial development
Ewert P. J. Kleynhans, Sibulele Zwedala, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This article studies the contribution of technological and knowledge spillovers towards the competitiveness of South African manufacturing firms. Literature often emphasizes the role of foreign direct investment (FDI), technology, and research and development (R&D) in spillovers, but seldom consider their effect simultaneously. This study focuses on the micro-economic production level and on the interaction of these factors. It determines their influence on the competitiveness, profits and eventual industrial development. The empirical study utilised data from the World Banks firm-level survey on South African manufacturers. The study reveals that direct foreign investments and ownership contribute little towards secondary spillovers, which probably depends on absorptive capacity. Technological advancement is not very significant, while research and development are dependent on absorptive capacity to enhance competitiveness, especially with regard to the investment in human capital. International quality certification, foreign licensing and capacity utilisation all contribute positively towards the ability to enhance productivity growth and the competitiveness of firms.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: proizvodnja, učinki prelivanj, neposredna tuja vlaganja, tehnologije, raziskave in razvoj, industrijski razvoj, konkurenčnost
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 2025; Downloads: 61
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Human capital constraints in South Africa
Ewert P. J. Kleynhans, Johannes Riaan Labuschagne, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper examines human capital constraints in the South African economy, and the austerity of these constraints on firms in the country. The two key human capital constraints explored in this article are the inadequately educated workforce and labour market distortions. Regression analysis was applied to examine determinants of increased labour productivity in manufacturing firms. Education and labour market distortions were found to have a varying influence on output per worker. Principal Component Analysis (pca) of the explanatory variables achieved similar results. This study found that the highest percentage of the total variance is explained by latent variables that incorporate education, training, compensation, region and Sector Education Training Authority (seta) support and effectiveness.
Found in: osebi
Keywords: zaposleni, omejitve, storilnost, učinkovitost, delo, izobraževanje, proizvodnja, Južna Afrika
Published: 15.10.2013; Views: 2008; Downloads: 62
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