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Collective memory and social identity : a social psychological exploration of the memories of the disintegration of former Yugoslavia
Marja Kuzmanić, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Through narration of memories of events related to the disintegration of Yugoslavia, this study takes a social psychological approach and explores the generational and ethnic group differences in collective memories, social representations and social identities of peoples living in Slovenia. It represents an initial step at mapping out the differing collective memories, representations and identities of Slovenians and other former Yugoslav peoples now resident in Slovenia in relation to some of the major recent historical and political events (Tito's death, the wars in Slovenia, Bosnia and Croatia, the beginning of the war(s), and the attainment of independence of Slovenia). Eighteen semi-structured interviews with members of three ethnic communities (Bosniac and Serb minority and Slovenian majority) were conducted and are qualitatively analysed. The findings are discussed in two sections. The first illustrates the contested interpretations of the break up of the federation, whereas the second section discusses the complex changes inidentification that occurred during the transition in the Slovenian context. Above all, the material reveals that contested narratives of the breakup of Yugoslavia (the narratives of 'transition', 'disintegration' and 'war') are present.
Keywords: kolektivni spomin, socialna identiteta, socialne predstave, narativ, razpad nekdanje Jugoslavije, collective memory, social identity, social representations, narratives, disintegration of former Yugoslavia
Published in RUP: 10.07.2015; Views: 2982; Downloads: 40
URL Link to full text

Vzpostavitev italijansko-jugoslovanske državne meje leta 1947 in spomin prebivalcev Loga pod Mangrtom
Marko Klavora, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Concerned about their jobs in the Rabelj lead and zinc mine, the miners of Log pod Mangartom wrote to the Government of the People's Republic of Slovenia in February 1947 urging it to intercede on their behalf with the (Italian) administration of the mine to secure their employment. Following the Paris Peace Conference the mine was to be awarded to Italy, whereas the French proposal stipulated that the villages Log pod Mangartom, Strmec and Predel would remain on the other side of the border, in Yugoslavia. For the ninety-six miners who signed the letter and their families, this entailed the loss of their main income which was vital for their subsistence in an Alpine environment characterised by limited natural resources. The author examines the miners' letter to the Government of the People's Republic of Slovenia through the prism of a community and its members living in a border area (amidst specific social and historical moments and their short-term intersection), by taking into account events of long duration that are manifested in the collective (social) memory of the inhabitants of Log pod Mangartom. Individuals and the community to which they belonged are not perceived as passive observers of the "great" history (relations between Allied forces, introduction of a new socialist system, relations between the two blocs and the Cold War, the Cominform conflict, etc.). Rather, the author's main intention is to demonstrate how individuals (and the community) used their life strategies, ways of life and traditions to oppose, change, adapt and subject themselves to each political change, and particularly to the new political and economic conditions established after the dissolution of the Allied Military Government and the annexation of the former Zone A (in the upper Posočje area) to Yugoslavia. The choice facing miners (especially young ones) after 1949 when the local political authorities prohibited them from working in the Rabelj mine, was an alternative between seeking work in other (mining) centres in Slovenia (Yugoslavia), competing for scarce work opportunities in minor economic centres in the area and illegal emigration abroad. Through the use of the oral historical method and on the basis of interviews with members of the local community, the author has demonstrated that in this case, social (collective) memory corresponds to "facts" found in archives, although the viewpoint - "the truth" - of the local community is completely different from or diametrically opposed to "the truth" of local authority structures. Furthermore, this also proves that the social (collective) memory of a community is not always necessarily transformed, suppressed or misleading and that it is (sometimes) also "applicable" for the reconstruction of events rather than solely for the purposes of analysing how an individual or a collective view, perceive and accept a given event through the process of memory transformation
Keywords: kolektivni spomin, meja, rudarji, ustna zgodovina, Log pod Mangrtom
Published in RUP: 10.07.2015; Views: 3207; Downloads: 21
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