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Uticaj savremenog političko-teritorijalnog ustroja na promjene u naseobinskom sistemu Bosne i Hercegovine s posebnim osvrtom na sarajevsko naselje Dobrinja
Ranko Mirić, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: Following the Dayton Agreement, the 1071-km long Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL) divides Bosnia and Herzegovina into two entities. Being the result of political agreements, the division ignored almost all geographical aspects of a functional organisation of state space, and only accelerated its geographic, economic, social, political-territorial and functional disintegration. The political-legal framework within which Bosnia and Herzegovina functions as an independent state is a world class particularity, which has as such managed to prove its inefficacy in countless cases. In terms of the settlement system, IEBL split 304 inhabited places, from small villages with less than 50 inhabitants to huge macroregional centres. The most radical case is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, where IEBL divides 44 inhabited places, almost 15% of the total number of split settlements. Inside Sarajevo, the settlement that particularly strikes the eye is Dobrinja, on which example the political-territorial structure has graphically displayed all the absurdity of the supremacy of political decisions over a rational need for the functional development of an area. The functional and morphologic changes in this settlement point out all the shortages implied by the political-territorial structure and the related political jurisdictions that considerably slowed down or even stopped the necessary continuous economic and social development with the Dayton Peace Agreement. The demolition of a unique urban environment, the separate infrastructure, the dissolution of sensibly planned spatial wholes and many other factors make it obvious that the current situation is regressive. What encourages is the fact that there have been some changes in the positive direction in terms of agreement and realisation (the 'SERDA' project among others), with the help of which the social and economic environments in this area and also on the level of state could, aided by political will and cooperation, make a qualitative shift in the creation of conditions for a more functional and self-sustaining community of all nations and citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Keywords: Daytonski sporazum, naselbinski sistem, razmejitev, prostorsko planiranje, Dobrinja, Sarajevo
Published in RUP: 10.07.2015; Views: 3040; Downloads: 38
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