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Population ageing and labour market in Slovenia and European Union
Tomaž Kofalt, Žiga Čepar, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper we investigate the influence and importance of population ageing for labour market. Particularly we focus on unemployment, salaries and population education level. After reviewing some of the previous research on the influence of demographic ageing on labour market, we set three hypotheses, referring to the three above mentioned specific aspects of labour market, which were tested using multivariate regression analysis. Based on demographic and socio-economic panel data on Slovenian municipalities, we separately tested the three hypotheses in case of Slovenia; and using panel data on European Union countries we separately tested the three hypotheses in case of European Union and compared the results. Based on data for Slovenia and European Union we found out that population ageing increases unemployment and decreases population education level, however in case of analysis of salaries the results are somehow ambiguous.
Keywords: Evropa, staranje prebivalstva, brezposelnost, stroški dela, povprečna izobrazba, population ageing, unemployment, cost of labour, population education level, Europe
Published in RUP: 08.08.2016; Views: 3149; Downloads: 84
URL Link to full text

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Status of women in society and life expectancy at birth
Anica Novak Trunk, Žiga Čepar, Aleš Trunk, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Namen članka je proučiti vpliv položaja žensk v družbi na življenjsko pričakovanje ob rojstvu. Na podlagi podatkov o nekaterih socio-ekonomskih spremenljivkah za 187 držav sveta, ki jih zbirajo Združeni Narodi v okviru Programa Združenih Narodov za Razvoj - Poročilo o razvoju prebivalstva, smo razvili regresijski model dejavnikov življenjskega pričakovanja. Skozi empirično testiranje treh hipotez, ki se nanašajo na različne vidike položaja žensk v družbi, smo ugotovili, da ima količnik med zaposlenimi ženskami in moškimi statistično značilni negativni vpliv na življenjsko pričakovanje ob rojstvu, kar je vsaj na prvi pogled nepričakovano. Istočasno pa ima število najstniških nosečnosti na 100 žensk starih od 15-19 let, kakor tudi neenakost med spoloma statistično značilni negativni vpliv na življenjsko pričakovanje ob rojstvu.
Keywords: življenjsko pričakovanje ob rojstvu, staranje prebivalstva, količnik med zaposlenimi ženskami in moškimi, neenakost med spoloma, najstniška nosečnost
Published in RUP: 14.10.2015; Views: 3141; Downloads: 57
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