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Zbirka "Pietro Nobile" Državnog arhiva u Rijeci kao izvor za proučavanje izgleda istarskih naselja početkom XIX. stoljeća
Marijan Bradanović, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: This article contains an analysis of a collection of drawings representing motifs from Istria. They were drawn by the renowned architect Pietro Nobile from Trieste and are kept in the National Archives in Rijeka. The history of the collection is described - it had been discovered, bought and catalogued between the Two Wars by Camillo De Franceschi, a historian, librarian and archivist from Pula. After World War II the collection has been kept in the National Archives in Rijeka. The collection consists of 79 drawings of vistas and landscapes and three portraits. It was dated on the grounds of a contemporary inscription from the year 1815 on the portrait of canon Valčić from Brseč, yet some of the drawings were certainly created somewhat earlier. The drawings are marked by their sketchy and explicitly realistic manner, and differ from their contemporary depictions of Istrian towns, where realistic qualities were lost during subsequent treatment. Previously unknown details of the urban scheme of Istrian towns are described, which have been lost in the intervening period, including some, for which these drawings represent the only illustration. Like his predecessors Nobile too is primarily interested in documenting monuments from the Antiquity, yet his work exhibits a broader interest in antiques, an anticipation of the forthcoming period of Romanticism. Among the numerous vistas from Pula, providing a more precise set of information than any other source known so far, there is an outstanding depiction of the exterior side of the Golden Gate with a segment of the city walls and a tower in the northern direction. The vistas from Rovinj, including drawings of a part of the front façade of the St. Euphemia parish, a pedestal with side columns and the remains of the harbour quarantine on the Rovinj waterfront are of special interest. The drawing of the main town squarein Koper, including a detail of the façade of the Armeria building and one of the original front façade of the church of St. Peter in Piran are noteworthy as well. Among the motifs from Poreč the forum temple stands out and an illustration of its back façade with Medieval walls in the elevation isconsidered to be a rarity. Vistas from rarely depicted towns represent an even more valuable source of information, especially the drawing with a fortified causeway in front of the inner town walls of Umag and the drawings of the main entrance to Labin and Tinjan depicting a tower with a passage, erected over the main city entrance. The towns Bale, Plomin, Motovun, Svetvinčenat and the castels in Payin and Lupoglav have been found to remain virtually unchanged. The veracity of depictions is proven by a parallel survey of available graphic art material and through field research. Apart from possessing great artistic value this collection represents one of the most comprehensive graphic art sources of information concerning old Istrian towns from the first half of the 19th century. Despite this fact it has only received modest attention of researchers, so let this be a reminder and an appeal for further comparative analysis of the drawings and evaluation of architectural and conservational endeavours of Pietro Nobile in Istria
Keywords: Istra, vedute, zgodovinski vir, urbanizem, arhitektura
Published in RUP: 10.07.2015; Views: 3141; Downloads: 34
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Arhitektonski razvoj Kršana
Marijan Bradanović, 2009, original scientific article

Keywords: arhitektura, urbanizem, grad, Kršan, Istra
Published in RUP: 10.07.2015; Views: 2942; Downloads: 24
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Inovativnost v stanovanjskem načrtovanju in v urejanju prostora : Europan v Izoli
Zdravko Mlinar, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: As the world is growing increasingly open (informatization, globalization), there is more and more place for innovation in housing design and organization of space. The inclusion of Slovenia into Europan, the European organization of young architects and urban planners, provided a way to gather a wealth of ideas concerning housing design and organization of space for various programmes in the Livade-west area in Iyola. A total of fifty projects was submitted, representing the highest number of participants from all over Europe taking part in a single competition in Slovenia so far. Young experts envisioned different ways to reach beyond the disadvantages of mono-functional housing quarters and to create a spatial arrangement, which would encourage a livelier mode of urban life. Their attention was focused on the typical traits of the Mediterranean environment, particularly the relationship between public, half-public and private space. Generally, the solutions would give a high priority to spaces, which enable and encourage social interaction of residents. However, though they produced innovative and variable schemes of bringing together and intertwining public, half-public and private spaces, they would usually not devote much attention to potential impairment of privacy in residential spaces. Suggested solutions pay regard to social-developmental trends like the increasing diversity of lifestyles and the increasing social and spatial mobility of the population, which demands certain flexibility of the urban structure. However, when looking at the past, some authors regard the continuity as overwhelmingly self-evident and do not consider the fact, that the same spatially-physical arrangements do not produce the same effects today as they did in the past. In general, not enough attention is devoted to the fact, that the space itself is not (any longer) a decisive factor, but has become of secondary significance compared to the increasing number and diversity of interests. The lack of knowledge about the sociological findings concerning social contacts in space and desired and undesired effects of informal social control is evident. On one hand Europan opens the sphere of new ideas and brings about the enrichment of the practice of building mono-functional housing quarters, which had prevailed in the recent past. On the other hand it remains predominantly limited to the architectural aspect and enclosed within the logical frame of the physical structure of construction while neglecting the novelties of the information age. The failure to realize the best and awarded Europan solutions in Slovenia and elsewhere brings attention to urban actors and their interests. So far, this has not been considered as an expert field or has been considered to belong to other fields of research (economy, sociology). Along with the need for more intensive inclusion into Europan at the level of the state and individual municipalities, there will be a greater need for: 1. critical (interdisciplinary) expert response to baseless general starting points and 2. exhaustive determination and disclosure of typical domestic, local traits, which can influence the action of participants, who do not know them
Keywords: prostorska sociologija, urbanizem, stanovanjsko načrtovanje, ustvarjalno okolje, inovacije, javni prostori, zasebnost, Europan, Izola, Slovenija
Published in RUP: 10.07.2015; Views: 2672; Downloads: 44
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Čigav prostor je to?
Rebecca M. Blocksome, 2010, master's thesis

Keywords: nekrajevnost, prostor, družbeni dialog, družbena kultura, javna umetnost, oblikovanje, urbanizem, Slovenija, magistrska dela
Published in RUP: 15.10.2013; Views: 3641; Downloads: 67
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