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Adolescent health in the Eastern Mediterranean Region : findings from the global burden of disease 2015 study
Ali H. Mokdad, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Objectives: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. Methods: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants. Results: Communicable diseases and the health consequences of natural disasters reduced substantially between 1990 and 2015. However, these gains have largely been offset by the health impacts of war and the emergence of non-communicable diseases (including mental health disorders), unintentional injury, and self-harm. Tobacco smoking and high body mass were common health risks amongst adolescents. Additionally, many EMR countries had high rates of adolescent pregnancy and unmet need for contraception. Conclusions: Even with the return of peace and security, adolescents will have a persisting poor health profile that will pose a barrier to socioeconomic growth and development of the EMR.
Ključne besede: adolescent health, burden of disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region
Objavljeno v RUP: 21.01.2019; Ogledov: 1776; Prenosov: 105
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Intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2015 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study
Ali H. Mokdad, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Objectives: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. Methods: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries. Results: In 2015, 28,695 individuals (95% UI: 25,474-37,832) died from self-harm, 35,626 (95% UI: 20,947-41,857) from interpersonal violence, and 143,858 (95% UI: 63,554-223,092) from collective violence and legal interventions. In 2015, collective violence and legal intervention was the fifth-leading cause of DALYs in the EMR and the leading cause in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya; they account for 49.7% of total DALYs in Syria. Conclusions: Our findings call for increased efforts to stabilize the region and assist in rebuilding the health systems, as well as increasing transparency and employing preventive strategies to reduce self-harm and interpersonal injuries.
Ključne besede: intentional injuries, Eastern Mediterranean Region, burden of disease
Objavljeno v RUP: 21.01.2019; Ogledov: 1604; Prenosov: 97
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Outline of implemented eco-innovation activities : the case of clusters of South Eastern European region
Jana Hojnik, Mitja Ruzzier, Aleš Lipnik, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: Providing a win-win situation for enterprises and the environment is raising the importance of eco-innovation. This article sheds light on the eco-innovation activities implemented within the clusters of the South Eastern European region (hereafter the SEE region). The main objective of this paper is to provide an outline of the situation pertaining to the implementation of eco-innovation activities in analyzed clusters. Methodology: Empirical evidence is provided through the performance of survey research with a sample of 52 clusters, encompassing 11 countries of the SEE region. The basic research method used in this research was a questionnaire developed for cluster organizations, with which we gathered the data and afterwards conducted descriptive statistics. Results: The findings demonstrate that the majority of analyzed clusters implement eco-innovation activities. The results indicate that 40 clusters out of 52 in all have set objectives with regard to eco-innovation support in their national or regional programs, followed by 35 clusters, which include objectives related to eco-innovation in their cluster strategies, and lastly, only 15 clusters are primarily focused on eco-innovation. Hence, our study depicting the current situation regarding the implementation of eco-innovation activities in analyzed clusters and clusters% orientation towards eco-innovation leads to us the discussion of why such differences in clusters occur. Conclusion: The huge differences related to the implementation of eco-innovation activities in clusters of the SEE region, can also reflect the level of the national/regional development in terms of economic indicators such as GDP and, at the same time, offer room for a lot of improvement, and an exchange of best practice.
Ključne besede: eco-innovation, clusters, SEE region
Objavljeno v RUP: 24.01.2018; Ogledov: 1922; Prenosov: 120
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More language(s) - more space(s)? : reflections on the representation of heteroglossia and minority languages in the Alpe-Adria region
Nada Zerzer, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article addresses the issue how heteroglossic people in the three regions of Carinthia, Primorska, and the Trst/Trieste region experience their multilingualism and its representations in everyday day life. The approach is transdisciplinary and includes theory and methods from fields of political theory, sociology of space, sociolinguistics, ethnography, visual cultures and multimodal discourse analysis. The research focus is on social constructions of space, created by heteroglossic people in their everyday life and by the representations of the languages in their living environment. This article wants to take a closer look at life with - or in - heteroglossia and at possible integrative handling of it
Ključne besede: heteroglossia, public space, representation, language minorities, ethnic minorities, visual culture, geosemiotics, Alpe-Adria region
Objavljeno v RUP: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 2450; Prenosov: 32
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