Muzejski parki sodobnih skulpturMajda Božeglav-Japelj
, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Outdoor museums ("museum parks") of contemporary sculpture, including the symposium environment of Forma viva, are a meeting place of nature and art. A number of sculpture collections whose formation was grounded in a functional framework - i.e. the placement of sculptures in open space with nature serving as a background - have changed with time, placing increasing stress on and prominence to the integration with space as a constituent element of the composition itself. The festival Skulptur. Projekte, organized since 1977 every ten years in the German city Münster, has spurred the launching of a number of quality projects focusing on contemporary sculpture in natural and urban environments and eventually leading to the establishment of sculpture parks all over Europe. The Italian parks (Fattoria di Celle-Spazi d'arte/CelleFarm - Artistic Space, Pistoia, Italy; Fondazione Severi/Severi Foundation, Modena, Italy) and public incentives (Parco urbano di sculture in pietra/Civic Park of Stone Sculptures, Fanano, Italy; Arte all'Arte/Art to Art, San Giminiano, Italy; Tuscia Electa, Chianti, Italy) mentioned in the article differ both in terms of contents and formal status (private vs. public). What they all have in common is the aspiration to interact with the surrounding environment marked by a rich cultural past. Within such a framework, they conceive a wide variety of programme activities that are increasingly orientated towards the contemporary international fine arts arena and that help them maintain their successful public image in the world. Launched in the second half of the previous century in Slovenia, the international sculpture symposium Forma viva was one of the rare events in Slovenia that reached beyond the domestic fine arts scene and followed international trends. Its image was built on four different locations where sculptors used different materials (Kostanjevica na Krki - wood, Portorož - stone, Ravne na Koroškem - steel, Maribor - concrete). Vivacious symposia gave rise to extensive outdoor collections of sculptures. The initial idea to find the ideal balance between nature and art in two gallery complexes - formed in Kostanjevica na Krki and Seča near Portorož - was complemented by the tendency to create plastic arts in more modern materials and integrate them into the ramified tissue of the urban space (Ravne na Koroškem, Maribor). At the end of 1980s, the joint organization of the symposium came to an end, which first led to gradual cessation of the symposia in all locations except Portorož, then to the emergence of new conditions for addressing the situation and eventually to the formation of completely different approaches to the resurrection of symposia. The last decade thus witnessed various proposals by individual locations, which gave rise to the possibility of forming bases for a new joint organizational undertaking that would be reasonable to launch as a national project. The inherent peculiarities of the sculpture materials and their idiosyncratic artistic interpretations remain the trademark of the four Slovene symposium collections. The current trends in contemporary plastic arts reveal a new interest for the environment and landscape, with sculpture being transformed from a decorative (integrative) element into a subject with a completely autonomous character. The increasingly important factors of interaction between space, natural and urban, and contemporary art are therefore becoming the basis that will have to be taken into account by the Portorož collection of stone sculptors when re-addressing its artistic dialogue with the environment.
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Povzetek najdenega: ...Forma viva, Portorož, muzeji na prostem, kiparstvo, italijanski kiparji, muzejske zbirke, ...
Ključne besede: Forma viva, Portorož, muzeji na prostem, kiparstvo, italijanski kiparji, muzejske zbirke
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