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Vzpostavitev italijansko-jugoslovanske državne meje leta 1947 in spomin prebivalcev Loga pod Mangrtom
Marko Klavora, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Concerned about their jobs in the Rabelj lead and zinc mine, the miners of Log pod Mangartom wrote to the Government of the People's Republic of Slovenia in February 1947 urging it to intercede on their behalf with the (Italian) administration of the mine to secure their employment. Following the Paris Peace Conference the mine was to be awarded to Italy, whereas the French proposal stipulated that the villages Log pod Mangartom, Strmec and Predel would remain on the other side of the border, in Yugoslavia. For the ninety-six miners who signed the letter and their families, this entailed the loss of their main income which was vital for their subsistence in an Alpine environment characterised by limited natural resources. The author examines the miners' letter to the Government of the People's Republic of Slovenia through the prism of a community and its members living in a border area (amidst specific social and historical moments and their short-term intersection), by taking into account events of long duration that are manifested in the collective (social) memory of the inhabitants of Log pod Mangartom. Individuals and the community to which they belonged are not perceived as passive observers of the "great" history (relations between Allied forces, introduction of a new socialist system, relations between the two blocs and the Cold War, the Cominform conflict, etc.). Rather, the author's main intention is to demonstrate how individuals (and the community) used their life strategies, ways of life and traditions to oppose, change, adapt and subject themselves to each political change, and particularly to the new political and economic conditions established after the dissolution of the Allied Military Government and the annexation of the former Zone A (in the upper Posočje area) to Yugoslavia. The choice facing miners (especially young ones) after 1949 when the local political authorities prohibited them from working in the Rabelj mine, was an alternative between seeking work in other (mining) centres in Slovenia (Yugoslavia), competing for scarce work opportunities in minor economic centres in the area and illegal emigration abroad. Through the use of the oral historical method and on the basis of interviews with members of the local community, the author has demonstrated that in this case, social (collective) memory corresponds to "facts" found in archives, although the viewpoint - "the truth" - of the local community is completely different from or diametrically opposed to "the truth" of local authority structures. Furthermore, this also proves that the social (collective) memory of a community is not always necessarily transformed, suppressed or misleading and that it is (sometimes) also "applicable" for the reconstruction of events rather than solely for the purposes of analysing how an individual or a collective view, perceive and accept a given event through the process of memory transformation
Ključne besede: kolektivni spomin, meja, rudarji, ustna zgodovina, Log pod Mangrtom
Objavljeno v RUP: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 2574; Prenosov: 17
URL Povezava na polno besedilo

Negative and nonemotional interference with visual working memory in schizophrenia
Alan Anticevic, Grega Repovš, Philip R. Corlett, Deanna M. Barch, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: Schizophrenia (SCZ) results in abnormalities affecting both working memory (WM) and emotional processing. Prior work suggests that individuals with SCZ exhibit increased effects of distraction on WM-a deficit that might be exacerbated via emotional interference. However, no study characterized effects of negative and nonemotional interference on visual WM in SCZ with functional magnetic resonance imaging. We tested the hypothesis that SCZ is associated with a general inability to filter distraction versus a specific deficit in the ability to filter aversive emotional distraction. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with DSM-IV-diagnosed SCZ and 24 matched control subjects underwent blood-oxygen-level-dependent imaging with functional magnetic resonance imaging at 3-T. Subjects performed a modified delayed-response visual WM task faced with affectively negative, neutral, or task-related interference. Results: Control subjects showed maximal interference after aversive distraction, whereas patients were more distracted irrespective of interference type. Importantly, aversive distraction resulted in similar across-group activation in regions previously showing robust effects of negative interference. Conversely, after any distraction, patients showed reduced blood-oxygen-level-dependent activity in prefrontal regions previously implicated in filtering interference. Particularly when distracted, SCZ subjects exhibited aberrant responses to nonemotional distraction across posterior cortical regions. Conclusions: Results suggest that patients fail to deploy activity associated with distracter filtering exhibited by control subjects. Although SCZ subjects show similar responses to aversive interference across certain regions, there is also evidence of enhanced responses to nonemotional inputs. These results are consistent with a general deficit in the ability of patients to filter distraction, which might be in line with aberrant salience processing as a pathophysiological mechanism in SCZ.
Ključne besede: shizofrenija, funkcijsko magnetnoresonančno slikanje (fMRI), amigdala, pozornost, čustva, delovni spomin
Objavljeno v RUP: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 3110; Prenosov: 120
URL Povezava na polno besedilo

Lokalna izročila kot prvina lokalne pripadnosti
Nina Hribar, 2009, diplomsko delo

Ključne besede: prvi maj, izročilo, budnica, identiteta, socialni spomin, diplomska dela
Objavljeno v RUP: 15.10.2013; Ogledov: 2863; Prenosov: 75
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,69 MB)

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