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Agricultural households in mountain areas in pre- and post-accession Slovenia
Štefan Bojnec, Kristina Knific, 2010, review article

Abstract: This paper analyses structural changes in agriculture and agricultural households in the mountainous areas of the Gorenjska region in Slovenia. The focus is on agricultural multifunctional roles, agricultural and agricultural households’ structural changes pre- and post-accession of Slovenia to the European Union (EU) on the basis of datasets obtained by two in-depth surveys from 2001 and 2007. The analyses confirm adjustments of farm households to the use of subsidies and new regulations, and diversification of agricultural households’ incomes. Short-term and long-term strategies of farm households vary depending on farms’ natural factor endowments for agriculture, farm size and structures of farm households, availability of agricultural land and their rental values, diversification of incomes with self-employment and employment outside the farm household.
Keywords: Slovenija, Gorenjska, gorska območja, kmetijstvo, prihodki, razvoj, Evropska unija
Published: 20.04.2018; Views: 761; Downloads: 5
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

Psychosocial factors in the development of low back pain among professional drivers
Friderika Kresal, Tine Bertoncel, Maja Meško, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and purpose: Professional drivers as a group are exposed to high risk of developing low back pain due to ergonomic factors and work conditions. The purpose of the study was to examine to what extent the low back pain occurs among Slovene professional drivers as a result of the development of various psychosocial factors. Methodology: The study involved 275 respondents (professional bus drivers, car/van drivers, international truck/ lorry drivers, and ambulance car drivers). Hypotheses were tested using multivariate statistical method (regression analysis) and analysis of variance. Data were collected by structured questionnaire comprised of three parts: socio-demographic data, basic psychosocial factors causing low back pain, and incidence, duration and severity of low back pain as a result of psychosocial risk factors, was implemented. Results: The results of quantitative survey suggest that low back pain is mostly caused by lifting and carrying heavy loads, inadequate working conditions, poor physical fitness, regular nights out, shift work, and stress. Only the impact of gender on low back pain distress among professional drivers was confirmed, predominantly among bus drivers and lorry drivers on international routes. Low back pain occurrence was less common, albeit not statistically significant, among professional drivers of vans and passenger cars. Conclusion: Our study suggests that psychosocial factors are also important cause for the development of low back pain among professional drivers and can limit the quality of their social and professional lives.
Keywords: low back pain, psychosocial factors, professional drivers, prevention, Slovenia
Published: 24.01.2018; Views: 644; Downloads: 9
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

Outline of implemented eco-innovation activities
Aleš Lipnik, Mitja Ruzzier, Jana Hojnik, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: Providing a win-win situation for enterprises and the environment is raising the importance of eco-innovation. This article sheds light on the eco-innovation activities implemented within the clusters of the South Eastern European region (hereafter the SEE region). The main objective of this paper is to provide an outline of the situation pertaining to the implementation of eco-innovation activities in analyzed clusters. Methodology: Empirical evidence is provided through the performance of survey research with a sample of 52 clusters, encompassing 11 countries of the SEE region. The basic research method used in this research was a questionnaire developed for cluster organizations, with which we gathered the data and afterwards conducted descriptive statistics. Results: The findings demonstrate that the majority of analyzed clusters implement eco-innovation activities. The results indicate that 40 clusters out of 52 in all have set objectives with regard to eco-innovation support in their national or regional programs, followed by 35 clusters, which include objectives related to eco-innovation in their cluster strategies, and lastly, only 15 clusters are primarily focused on eco-innovation. Hence, our study depicting the current situation regarding the implementation of eco-innovation activities in analyzed clusters and clusters% orientation towards eco-innovation leads to us the discussion of why such differences in clusters occur. Conclusion: The huge differences related to the implementation of eco-innovation activities in clusters of the SEE region, can also reflect the level of the national/regional development in terms of economic indicators such as GDP and, at the same time, offer room for a lot of improvement, and an exchange of best practice.
Keywords: eco-innovation, clusters, SEE region
Published: 24.01.2018; Views: 455; Downloads: 19
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Accounting treatment of goodwill in IFRS and US GAAP
Massimo Manzin, Mateja Jerman, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The article presents an overview of the new accounting treatment of goodwill regarding International Financial Reporting Standards and American Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. Goodwill acquired through a business combination is no longer amortized but tested for impairment. Despite the fact that the objective of the new International Financial Accounting Standard has been to move towards international convergence; significant differences between standards still exist. The article presents the main changes of the regulation in the last years and the key differences between the two accounting treatments. In spite of the new accounting approach there are still lots of discussions, which indicate that the field is still not properly regulated. Finally, the article offers possible directions for future research and reporting practice.
Keywords: goodwill treatment, impairment of goodwill, intangible assets
Published: 24.01.2018; Views: 569; Downloads: 22
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Training on sustainable use of water in the processing industry
Melita Moretti, Mirko Markič, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Namen prispevka je predstaviti izide iz raziskave o vplivih dejavnikov usposabljanja o trajnostni rabi vode (o podpori usposabljanju, ki jo kažejo nadrejeni in sodelavci, spodbudah za uporabo znanj in veščin, pridobljenih med usposabljanjem) in vplivu usposabljanja na tehnično in delovno učinkovitost zaposlenih. Empirično raziskavo smo opravili na vzorcu 328 srednje velikih in velikih podjetij v slovenski predelovalni dejavnosti. Ugotovili smo, da podpora usposabljanju, ki jo kažejo nadrejeni in sodelavci, ter spodbude za uporabo znanj in veščin, pridobljenih med usposabljanjem, statistično značilno in pozitivno vplivajo na uposabljanje o trajnostni rabi vode, uposabljanje o trajnostni rabi vode pa statistično značilno in pozitivno vpliva na tehnično učinkovitost. Izidi iz raziskave prinašajo nova teoretična spoznanja in praktične usmeritve za vse, ki se ukvarjajo z menedžementom trajnostnega razvoja z vidika ohranjanja naravnih virov.
Keywords: Management, water, processing industry, research, sustainable development, training
Published: 24.01.2018; Views: 489; Downloads: 5
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Methodology of an aircraft accident response system assessment
Iztok Podbregar, Maja Meško, Franc Željko Županič, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper investigates the ability to learn from an aircraft accident as the opportunities for learning diminish with the decline in the accident rate. A safety compromising case is studied as the processes of aircraft accident intervention and recovery can degrade the ability of an aircraft accident investigation process to enhance aviation safety by revealing accident causation. In the case study an assessment of the Slovenian aircraft accident response system was made. For the purpose of evaluating the successfulness of aircraft accident intervention and effectiveness of recovery, a model of aircraft accident response system requirements has been developed. Based on non-conformances identified by the model of requirements, remedial measures are proposed for the enhancement of the aircraft accident response system operation. Criteria for the definition of the transition from accident intervention to recovery are derived from the assessment findings in a manner not to impede the aircraft accident investigation effectiveness and efficiency.
Keywords: aircraft accident, response system, intervention, recovery, investigation, crisis management
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 752; Downloads: 21
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Voditeljstvo in uvajanje modela odličnosti EFQM v slovenskem visokem šolstvu
Maja Pungeršek, Matjaž Maletič, Jana Suklan, Maja Meško, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Raziskovalno vprašanje (RV): Kakšno je udejstvovanje voditeljev pri dejavnikih voditeljstva v slovenskem visokem šolstvu (VŠ) in kakšna je možnost vpeljave modela EFQM v celotno slovensko VŠ? Namen: Namen prispevka je proučiti udejstvovanje voditeljev pri dejavnikih voditeljstva v slovenskem VŠ in uvajanje modela EFQM v slovensko VŠ ter nakazati možne usmeritve za izboljšanje stanja. Metoda: Prispevek temelji na teoretičnem in empiričnem delu. Teoretični del zajema analizo in kritično presojo obravnavanega koncepta kakovosti in voditeljstva. Empirični del temelji na kvalitativni raziskavi. Za pridobivanje podatkov je bil uporabljen spletni intervju. Raziskava je bila izvedena z voditelji visokošolskih zavodov (VZ) v slovenskem javnem in zasebnem VŠ. Rezultati: Ključna ugotovitev, ki izhaja iz raziskave se navezuje na nerazumevanje koristi, ki jih model poslovne odličnosti in ustrezno voditeljstvo prinese visokošolskemu zavodu (VZ). Ugotovitve kažejo, da slovenski visokošolski prostor še ni pripravljen za učinkovito izvajanje modela EFQM. Organizacija: Rezultati raziskave ponujajo vodstvu VZ koristno informacijo o tem, na kaj morajo biti pozorni za prehod slovenskega VŠ iz obstoječih sistemov kakovosti na model EFQM. Družba: Raziskava prikazuje zavedanja in spremembe, ki so po mnenju voditeljev slovenskih VŠ potrebne za vpeljavo sprememb na področju voditeljstva v slovenskem VŠ in posledično za vpeljavo modela EFQM v celotno slovensko VŠ, kar bi lahko prispevalo k celovitemu dvigu zavesti in kakovosti v celotnem slovenskem VŠ. Originalnost: Raziskava izvirno in celovito prikazuje in pojasnjuje voditeljstvo VZ in kakovost, odličnost ter ugled slovenskega VŠ, prav tako pa dopolnjuje dosedanje ugotovitve na obravnavanem področju. Omejitve/nadaljnje raziskovanje: Raziskava je omejena na spoznanja o trenutnem stanju voditeljstva v slovenskem VŠ in predstavlja osebna mnenja in poglobljene vpoglede sodelujočih v raziskavi. Prav tako pa raziskava predstavlja izhodišče za nadaljnja raziskovanja, na primer raziskovanje mnenj zunanjih udeležencev VŠ.
Keywords: CAF, EFQM, intervju, kakovost, menedžment
Published: 14.11.2017; Views: 787; Downloads: 25
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

Življenjski slog vzgojiteljev in pomočnikov vzgojiteljev kot element subjektivnih teorij
Matej Tušak, Damir Karpljuk, Maja Meško, Jera Gregorc, Jože Štihec, Mateja Videmšek, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Življenjski slog vzgojiteljev in pomočnikov vzgojiteljev kot element subjektivnih teorij
Keywords: življenjski slog, vzgojitelji, pomočniki vzgojiteljev, predšolski otroci, vrtec, vprašalnik, t-test, ANOVA
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 1858; Downloads: 14
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

Occupational stress among Slovene managers with respect to their participation in recreational sport activities
Mateja Videmšek, Zlatka Meško Štok, Iztok Podbregar, Maja Meško, Damir Karpljuk, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Occupational stress among Slovene managers with respect to their participation in recreational sport activities
Keywords: sport activity, stress, occupation, health, managers
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 1396; Downloads: 9
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

Upravljanje tehnologije - ključ konkurenčnosti
Igor Prodan, Slavko Dolinšek, Cene Bavec, Aleš Mihelič, 2002, review article

Abstract: Meneđment (upravljanje ali tudi ravnanje) tehnologije je zahtevna in široka panoga, ki obsega izrazito interdisciplinarna znanja tehnologij in meneđmenta in daleč presega upravljanje tehnoloških procesov in meneđment inovacij. V svetu zaradi izjemnega tehnološkega razvoja postaja tako pomembna kakor je meneđment organizacije in njenih poslovnih funkcij. Kot študijski program, največkrat podiplomski, pa jo odkrijemo na kar nekaj tujih univerzah, medtem ko je v Sloveniji podoben program še na stopnji uvajanja. Izraza meneđment ali tehnologija se zato dandanes veliko uporablja, vendar največkrat v neustreznem pomenu, zato je namen prispevka prikazati vsebino panoge in tudi kratko pojasniti omenjena pojma.
Keywords: menedžment tehnologij, menedžment, tehmnologije, izobraževanje
Published: 03.04.2017; Views: 1578; Downloads: 10
URL Full text (0,00 KB)

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