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Investments in human capital
Franko Milost, Matic Novak, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Investments in human capital (employees) include investments in the direct assurance of working abilities, investments in health and well-being and investments in loyalty to the company. These investments are crucial for the long-term existence and development of a company, but their value is not disclosed on the assets side of the classical balance sheet. The most important argument given by the proponents of this approach is that the economic benefits stemming from such investments are uncertain. However, investments in human capital are those with the highest long-term benefits for the company. Therefore, human capital is the only element of the business process that can add value. Other elements (means of production, materials and services) just transfer their value to products and services. This paper discusses the elements of investments in human capital and the methods used to evaluate these investments. This is followed by the impact that treatment of investments in employees in classical accounting has on the true and fair view of financial statements. And finally, results of the research dealing with investments in employees in Slovene micro companies are presented.
Keywords: human capital investments, value added, financial ratios, human resource accounting, micro enterprises, investment evaluation, Slovenia
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 3317; Downloads: 186
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Organisational culture dimensions as antecedents of innovation and performance in the tourism industry
Doris Gomezelj Omerzel, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Organisational culture is an important dimension in the field of strategic management. This study begins by presenting different constructs and measures of organisational culture. The primary goal of this paper is to investigate the relations between organisational culture, innovation and performance in tourism firms. Recent studies reveal the importance of organisational culture and its influence on innovation and thus on business performance. In this context, the aim of this study is to identify the effects of organisational culture on business performance. To reach this aim, a questionnaire survey is administered in the tourism firms in Slovenia, a small Mediterranean country. The data were collected from 64 tourism firms and analysed using SPSS 19 and EQS 6, afterwards the hypotheses were tested employing multivariate data analyses techniques. The results suggest that power distance is negatively related, while individualism, uncertainty avoidance and empowerment are positively related to innovativeness. Findings also suggest that innovativeness has a significantly positive affect on firm performance. In terms of managerial implications, this study clarifies the role of organisational culture dimensions for the innovativeness and for firm performance. There is no doubt that managers should focus on the development of organisational culture to promote firm innovativeness and consecutively improve firm performance.
Keywords: tourism, organisational culture, innovativeness, business performance, structural modelling
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 1936; Downloads: 177
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R&D and education resources in innovation processes
Tanja Kosi, Mitja Ruzzier, Doris Gomezelj Omerzel, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: This article provides a cross-country analysis of the efficiency and effectiveness of innovation processes in the European Union countries, with a focus on Slovenia and the four countries of the Visegrad Group (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland). By examining relationships between different composite innovation indicators, our study reveals patterns in the input-output-outcome relationships at different stages of the innovation process and highlights country-specific bottlenecks and possible efficiency gains in the use of R&D and education resources. Benchmarking the effectiveness and efficiency of innovation systems and processes across selected countries is valuable for different target groups, to whom we offer insights into the R&D environment, barriers to technology transfer and possible improvements in innovation policies.
Keywords: R&D, education, innovation, efficiency, European Union, effectiveness
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 1633; Downloads: 135
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Can an ethical work climate influence payment discipline?
Tanja Šalamon, Maja Meško, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: All European companies are faced with the lack of payment discipline, which often affects even their survival. One of the key reasons for the lack of payment discipline is poor business ethics, which is primarily introduced with the subject of ethical climate in the literature. For this reason, we wanted to determine whether a company%s ethical climate influences its payment discipline. Design/methodology/approach: In the research, we used Arnaud%s measurement instrument (2010) that helped us to identify six dimensions of ethical climate. The data about a company%s ethical climate were later compared with the data about its payment discipline, calculated using the Dun & Bradstreet rating agency methodology. We included in the sample 273 Slovenian companies, which represented 9.1% of all companies invited to take part in the survey (2978 Slovenian enterprises with 10 or more employees). Findings: We established that (among the six dimensions of the ethical climate) the dimension %moral sensitivity % the lack of norms of empathetic concern% had statistically significant influence on the average delay of payment, and the more significant for the company the lack of norms of empathetic concern was, the longer the delay of the payment to suppliers would be. Our conclusion is that the appropriate forms of the incorporation of training and education on ethical subjects into business studies may increase the payment discipline of companies. Originality/value: The present study represents an important contribution to understanding the causes of payment defaults. The study also includes non-financial antecedents of payment discipline, which represents a new, important contribution of the research.
Keywords: ethical climate, ethical work climate, late payments, payment discipline
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 2080; Downloads: 171
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Vloga managementa v nevladnih izobraževalnih organizacijah
Bojan Mevlja, Klemen Kavčič, 2016, professional article

Keywords: deležniki, management, nevladne organizacije, izobraževalne organizacije, intervjuji
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 2089; Downloads: 41
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Export-led growth
Maja Trošt, Štefan Bojnec, 2016, original scientific article

Keywords: Slovenija, Estonija, izvoz, export-led growth, Slovenia, Estonia, cointegration, Granger causality
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 1851; Downloads: 120
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Training funds and the incidence of training
Peter F. Orazem, Oluyemisi Kuku, Sawkut Rojid, Milan Vodopivec, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Training funds are used to incentivize training in developing countries, but the funds are based on payroll taxes that lower the return to training. In the absence of training funds, larger, high-wage and more capital-intensive firms are the most likely to offer training unless they are liquidity constrained. If firms are not liquidity constrained, the fund could lower training investments. Using an administrative data set on the Mauritius training fund, we find that the firms most likely to train pay more in taxes than they gain in subsidies. The smallest firms receive more benefits than they pay in taxes.
Keywords: izobraževanje, usposabljanje, splošna znanja, specifična znanja, financiranje izobraževanja, training, general skills, firm-specific skills, training fund, externality, cross-subsidy, tax
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 2045; Downloads: 119
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Human resources in a draught
Ana Arzenšek, Kristijan Musek Lešnik, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: An empirical study of interpretive schemas regarding human resource management (HRM) and its social responsibility of selected manufacturers in the automotive industry and of financial institutions is presented. We were interested in how participants interpreted the role of the HRM department during the economic crisis of 2008. It was assumed that HRM is subjected to increased accommodation processes during economic turbulence. Interpretive schemas regarding HRM of three selected manufacturers in the automotive industry and of three financial institutions from Slovenia were studied. Over a three-year period, 31 interviews with their management, HRM, and union representatives were conducted. In addition, content analysis of annual reports was made. The results have shown that the current crisis has not yet been a factor of diminished roles and meaning of HRM. While the manufacturing companies are considerably homogeneous in their scope of adjustments to the crisis, the financial companies considerably differ from each other regarding their scope of activities and are going through schema change. Factors, discovered in this study, add to the knowledge framework of successful HRM change and explain levels of social responsibility towards employees working in the companies.
Keywords: interpretive schemas, human resource management, social responsibility, economic crisis, organisational change, Piaget's model of equilibration, Slovenia
Published: 08.08.2016; Views: 2512; Downloads: 153
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